Lawsonia inermis

Henna (Lawsonia inermis, also called mignonette tree[1]) is a flowering plant
hinna2
hinna
Kg
Botanical Name
Lawsonia inermis
Common Name
mignonette tree
Synonyms
Racosperma auriculiforme
Collection Locale
Plains and low terrain, INDIA
Altitude
upto 1700 ft
Seed Collection period
April-May
Seed Longevity
1-5 year
Seed Purity
99%
Seed Treatment
n
Usual Germination
20-50%
Characteristics
Evergreen, Ornamental, shrub, medicinal
Seed Counts per KG
approx 3000

Henna (Lawsonia inermis, also called mignonette tree) is a flowering plant used since antiquity to dye skin, hair, fingernails, leather and wool. The name is also used for dye preparations derived from the plant, and for the art of temporary tattooing based on those dyes. Additionally, the name is misused for other skin and hair dyes, such as black henna or neutral henna, which do not derive from the plant. The English name "henna" comes from the Arabia.

Henna is a tall shrub or small tree, 2.6 m high. It is glabrous, multibranched with spine tipped branchlets. Leaves are opposite, entire, glabrous, sub-sessile, elliptical, and broadly lanceolate (1.5–5.0 cm x 0.5–2 cm), acuminate, having depressed veins on the dorsal surface. Henna flowers have four sepals and a 2 mm calyx tube with 3 mm spread lobes. Petals are obvate, white or red stamens inserted in pairs on the rim of the calyx tube. Ovary is four celled, style up to 5 mm long and erect. Fruits are small, brownish capsules, 4–8 mm in diameter, with 32–49 seeds per fruit, and open irregularly into four splits.

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