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Cymbopogon martinii

Cymbopogon martinii a tall perennial sweet-scented grass, 5- 8 ft
Botanical Name
Cymbopogon martini
Common Name
Rosha Grass or Rusa Grass
Cymbopogon martini (Roxb.) Wats. Syn. Andropogon martini Roxb. Andropogon schoenanthus var. martini Hook.f.
Collection Locale
Throughout tropical India
Upto 300mt.
Seed Collection period
Seed Longevity
Seed Purity
Seed Treatment
Usual Germination
Perennial, Medicinal, Perfumes
Plant Average Height

General Description:

Cymbopogon martinii a tall perennial sweet-scented grass, 5- 8 ft. high, occurring in the drier localities of India, from Kashmir through Punjab hills to Almora, Garhwal and Singhbhum and extending from C.P. to Rajputana, Bombay and south India. Two varieties are known, Motia and Sofia, which are morphologically indistinguishable. It is stated that experienced farmers can distinguish them in the field both by their appearance and scent. The two varieties have different habits and grow under different ecological conditions. The motia variety is not gregarious and it occurs in patches 1 - 2ft. apart. It grows in open forests or clearings on dry sunny slopes. The sofia variety, on the other hand is gregarious and covers considerable area. It grows in lower altitudes and valleys, in shady nullas, and dense moist areas with poor drainage.

It has fragrant leaves, long slender stems and terminal flowering tops. It is a drought hardy grass attaining a height of 1.5 to 2.5m having hairy and fibrous shallow root system with long linear lanceolate leaves. It produces large fawn coloured inflorescence containing while, hairy star like spiked flowers. It is native to India.

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