Dendrocalamus strictus is a densely tufted bamboo with strong, elastic, thick-walled or solid clums varying in size according to locality. It is found in deciduous forests and in dry or mederately dry regions practically all over India up to 3,500 ft. It occurs sometimes gregariously almost to the exclusion of tree growth is usually it is found as an under-storey to or a misture with deciduous trees. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 2.5–25 cm long; 5–30 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; pubescent; hairy abaxially, or on both sides. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate. Spikelets comprising 2–3 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7.5–12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets.