Acacia senegal or Senegalia senegal, is a small thorny, deciduous tree with
Rfaudraksha, Gum Acacia, Gum Arabic Tree, or Gum Senegal Tree
A. senegal Willd. syn. A. verek Guillem. & Perr.
Humid and dry plains, INDIA
Seed Collection period
Feb. - March
Long Lived (1-2 years)
Acid (H2SO4) Scarification, Hot Water
Fuel, Fodder, Tannin, Gum, Soil Conservation
Acacia senegal or Senegalia senegal, is a small thorny, deciduous tree with yellowish white bark and feathery crown, reaching a height of 4-6m and a girth of 30-60cm. The tree is native to Sudan, and grows throughout India, particularly in Haryana, Gujrat, and in the dry rocky hills of Rajasthan (the Aravallies). Leaves are bipinnate, with stipular spines and flowers are yellowish and fragrant 5-10cm long spikes. Pods are about 7.5cm long, straight, strap-shaped, and contain 5-6 seeds. Acacia senegal seeds require soaking in Conc. Sulfuric Acid for about 20-30 minutes for successful germination. The seedlings require protection from grazing, wildfire and weeds for about 2 yrs. Acacia senegal is a primary, source of Gum Arabic, which is a main ingredient of soft drink syrups, while the wood is a good source of fuel.