South indian mahua, Mowra butter tree
M. longifolia (Koenig) Macb. syn. Bissia longifolia Koenig
Tropical plains, INDIA
Seed Collection period
July - Aug.
Short Lived (1-6 Months)
Timber, Fuel, Fruit, Edible flowers, Oil, Fodder
Madhuca longifolia a large evergreen tree with a dense spreading crown found in south India. Bark grey to dark brown, scaly, leaves clustered near ends of branches, linear-lanceolate, 7.5 - 12.5 cm. x 2.5 - 4.5 cm., tapering towards base, glabrouds when mature; flowers in dense clusters near ends of branches, many, small; calyx rusty pubescent; corolla tubular, fleshy, pale yellow, c. 1.5 cm. long, aromatic, acducous; berries ovoid, c. 5cm. long, yellow when ripe; seeds usually 1-2, compressed, yellow shining. M. longifolia replaces M. indica in South India and is frequently met with in cultivation especially as an avenue tree.