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Ficus benghalensis

Ficus benghalensis, the banyan, (Other names are also known as Bengal fig, Indian fig, also
Botanical Name
Ficus benghalensis
Common Name
Bengal fig, Indian fig
Ficus indica L
Collection Locale
warm plains of central and south India
upto 1900 ft
Seed Collection period
Seed Longevity
3 months
Seed Purity
Seed Treatment
not required
Usual Germination
Perennial, Evergreen, Native, Shrub
Seed Counts per KG
Plant Average Height

General Description:

Ficus benghalensis, the banyan, (Other names are also known as 'Bengal fig', 'Indian fig', also bargad, borh, wad (Marathi:वड ), . In Tamil it is known as aalamaram (ஆலமரம்). Sanskrit names include nyagrodha.) is a large and extensive growing tree of the Indian subcontinent. This evergreen plant attains a height of 3mt, have aerial branches and aerial roots. The leaves are stalked, ovate, 3-nerved, entire, petiole with abroad greasy gland at the apex. Fruits are in axillary pairs, round in shape. Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots. Once these roots reach the ground, they grow into woody trunks that can become indistinguishable from the main trunk. The propagation of this plant can be done through seed, transplanting and stem-cutting. This plant is used as astringent to bowels; useful in treatment of biliousness, ulcers, erysipelas, vomiting, vaginal complains, fever, inflammations, leprosy. According to Unani system of medicine, its latex is aphrodisiac, tonic, vulernary, maturant, lessens inflammations; useful in piles, nose-diseases, gonorrhea etc. The aerial root is styptic, useful in syphilis, biliousness, dysentery, inflammation of liver etc.

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