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Adenanthera microsperma

Adenanthera microsperma Teijsm. & Binn. Is a tall, thornless deciduous tree
Botanical Name
Adenanthera microsperma
Common Name
Red wood, Peacock wood, Red bead tree (Chacko et al., 2002). Bead tree, Coral wood (Bose et al., 1998).
Adenanthera microsperma Teijsm. & Binn.
Collection Locale
Western ghats and sub-Himalyan tract
Seed Collection period
Sept. - Dec.
Seed Longevity
More than 1year
Seed Purity
Seed Treatment
Hot water treatment, scarification
Usual Germination
Seed Counts per KG
Plant Average Height

General Description:

Adenanthera microsperma Teijsm. & Binn. Is a tall, thornless deciduous tree, with bipinnate leaves having oblong-ovate leaflets, and racemose inflorescences, attain a height of 20mt. The tree is native to Indonesia, and was later successfully introduced in India. The tree yields valuable timber which is durable, very strong, hard, heavy and yellow-brown-red, and is resistant to insects and decay. The timber is used for house-building, furniture, bridges, and rolls in sugar mills. The bark contains 25-30 percent of a tanning material, and is used for tanning in Indonesia. Adenanthera microsperma seeds require treatment with sulphuric acid (H2SO4) solution for 7 to 15 minutes. Seed germination usually occurs after 4 days.

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