Latest Products Latest Products Sat, 15 Jan 2022 13:12:39 +0530 en-us Tree & Plant Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Conifers Seeds Tree & Plant Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Multipurpose Tree Seeds Tree & Plant Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Ornamental Shrubs Seeds Tree & Plant Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Ornamental Plant Seeds Tree & Plant Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cedrus Deodara Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cedrus deodara is a large and evergreen ornamental tree, with spreading branches and dark green (sometimes silvery blue) foliage. In an average mature forest, attain a height of 40-50ft., trees from 8 to 12 ft. in girth predominate, while far larger trees, occasionally reaching up to 250 ft. in height and 45ft. in girth, are also found. There are very few ornamental tree trees in the world, which can be compared to Cedrus deodara even when the most beautiful of those of its own family are taken into account. In IUCN red list it is the ‘Least concern variety’. The leaves are spirally arranged, simple, entire, needle-like, parellal venation, evergreen. Flowering occurs in spring. It can tolerate high pH. It is highly drought tolerant.   Cedrus deodara is a native of north-western Himalayas, and is found between the altitudes of 4,000-10,000ft. Cedrus deodara seeds are obtained from its cone, which is 3-6 inches long and brown in color. The seeds are sown in moist soil and seedlings require regular watering. Fruit Tree Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Medicinal Plant Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Abrus Precatorius Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Abrus precatorius is a winding climber with glabrescent, mostly greenish yellow young branches   General Description: Abrus precatorius is a winding climber with glabrescent, mostly greenish yellow young branches. The plant, a native of Indonesia also of tropical Africa and Madagascar is found throughout India, ascending to an altitude of about 1,050m in the outer Himalayas. The plant is invasive in tropical climates, with deep roots, which can't be easily removed. Abrus precatorius seeds are poisonous. Alternate, peri pinnate leaves, alternately arranged. Every pod contains 3-5 seeds, oval in shape,which are about 6mm long. One seed is enough to kill an adult human being. The seeds are brightly colored, mostly a combination of black and red. Abrus precatorius seeds are widely used in jewelry and other artwork. The seeds have been traditionally used by Indians for weighing gold, due to their consistency in weight. Carica Papaya Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Carica papaya is a herbaceous tree growing to a height of 10-25 ft., bearing a crown of large, deeply lobed leaves, giving a palm-like appearance.  It is normally dioecious but occasionally monoecious; plants bearing hermaphrodite flowers have also been recorded.  The fruits are borne near the top of the trunk, closely packed at the bases of the leaves and are fleshy, waxy, slighltly fragrant, having 5petals. The leaves emerge directly from the upper part of the stem in a spiral on nearly horizontal petioles, 1-3 1/2ft. long, hollow, succulent green or more or less dark purple. Both the stems and leaves contain copious white milky latex. They vary greatly in number, size and shape, depending on the variety, soil, season, climate and cultural practices. They may be spherical or cylindrical in shape and weigh up to 20lb. C. papaya is considered to be a native of tropical Central America.  It is at present grown practically all over the tropical and sub-tropical countries of the world, particularly in India, Ceylon, Hawaii, Philippines, S. Africa and Australia.  In India, it has been successfully cultivated in Madras, Bombay, Bengal, Bihar, and U.P., but nowhere on a plantation scale. It have a compound Papin which is good for the treatment of arthirits. Centella Asiatica Seeds Tue, 09 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Centella asiatica a prostrate, perennial, faintly aromatic herb found wild throughout India and Ceylon up to an altitude of 2,000ft. This plant attain a height of 0.2-1mt. The leaves are orbiculoreniform, 0.5 - 1.5 inches in diam., with short stalks. The plant enjoys considerable reputation in Indian systems of medicine as diuretic, alterative and tonic. An infusion of the plant is used in India and Madagascar in the treatment of leprosy and is known to ameliorate the symptoms of the disease and to improve the general health of the patient. The leaves are commonly employed, but the use of the whole plant is recommended.the ususal dose for oral administration is 5 - 10 grains of the plant powder , thrice daily. In larger doses, the drug is a stupefying narcotic, producing giddiness and sometimes coma. It is reported to be a useful cover crop in tea and rubber plantation in Ceylon, although opinion on this point is not unanimous. It is also reprted to possess insecticidal properties. Malus Sylvestris Seeds Tue, 09 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Malus sylvestris is a low round - crowned tree. Malus sylvestris is a low round - crowned tree, usually up to 15 m high with tomentose or heavily pubescent young growth; leaves mostly Mangifera Indica Seeds Tue, 09 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Mangifera indica a large evergreen tree, 10.0 - 45.0 m. high, with a heay, dome-shaped crown and a straight, stout bole; bark thick, rough, dark grey, flaking off when old; leabves linear-oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, 10-30 cm. long and 2-9 cm wide, emitting when crushed an aromatic, resinous odour; inflorescence a large panicle, containing in some types more than 3000 flowers. flowers tiny, reddish white or yellowish green, pungently odorous and melliferous; staminate and hermaphrodite flowers borne in the same panicle; fruit a large drupe exceedingly variable in form and size; fruit skin thick or thin, leathery, green, yellowish or red, often dotted with numerous glands; flesh (mesocarp) whitish yellow, yellow or orange, firm, soft or juicy, sub-acid or sweet, richly aromatic; fibres throughout the flesh in some types,  absent or very little in others; seed solitary, ovoidoblique, encased in a hard compressed fibrous endocarp (stone). Achras Zapota Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 It is strong and wind-resistant, rich in white, gummy latex. Its leaves are highly ornamental, evergreen, glossy, alternate, spirally clustered at the tips of the forked twigs; elliptic, pointed at both ends, firm, 3 to 4 1/2 in (7.5-11.25 cm) long and 1 to 1 1/2 in (2.5-4 cm) wide. Flowers are small and bell-like, with 3 brown-hairy outer sepals and 3 inner sepals enclosing the pale-green corolla and 6 stamens. They are borne on slender stalks at the leaf bases. The fruit is a large ellipsoid berry, normally 4–8 but up to 15 cm in diameter, containing two to five seeds. Inside, its flesh ranges from a pale yellow to an earthy brown color with a grainy texture akin to that of a well-ripened pear. The seeds are black and resemble beans, with a hook at one end that can catch in the throat if swallowed. Citrus Aurantifolia Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 The Key lime (Citrus aurantifolia) is a citrus species with a globose fruit, 2.5–5 cm in diameter (1–2 in), that is yellow when ripe but usually picked green commercially. The plant attains a height of 5mt. the flowers are 1 inch in diameter, are yellowish white, with a light purple tinged on margins. Flowers and fruits appear throughout the year, but are most abundant from May to September. Lime has an odour similar to lemon, but more is mainly propagated by seeds. The fruits ripen and fall 5-6months after flowering. It is smaller, seedier, has a higher acidity, a stronger aroma, and a thinner rind than that of the Persian lime (Citrus x latifolia). It is valued for its unique flavor compared to other limes, with the key lime usually having a more tart and bitter flavor. Grass & Fodder Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cenchrus Ciliaris Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cenchrus ciliaris a perennial tufted grass, 15-120cm., erect or decumbent; common in the plains of India, particularly in sandy and dry regions. It is cultivated in Punjab and south India for fodder. The flowered spikelets fall when ripe, leaving no glumes. It is deep rooting. The seeds have good vigour. It stands cutting well, and resists drought. It produces a fair crop even when the rain is plentiful and the soil is well drained. For raising a pasture, seeds are sown during the early rains at the rate of 16 - 20 lb. per acre. Manuring the field previous to sowing, helps in establishing a thick stand of grass. The pasture is ploughed after a shower at intervals of 3 - 5 years. A total annual yield of 30,000 - 50,000 lb. of green fodder per acre in 3 - 4 cuttings, has been recorded. In south India pastures are kept for long periods, from 5 - 40 years, and regular grazing is allowed from the third year onwards. It is drought resistant and widely spread by wind by sticking to animal fur. Cynodon Dactylon Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cynodon dactylon is a hardy perennial grass with creeping culms, rooting at nodes and forming spreading mats on the surface of the soil. Stems are short jointed. Leaves are flat and spreading. The ligule is a circle of white hairs. Leaves may be hairy or smooth. Seedheads are usually in one whorl of 3 to 7 spikes, each about 1 to 2-1/2 inches long. Some robust forms may have up to 10 spikes in 2 whorls. The grass grows throughout India ascending up to 8000 ft. It is particularly abundant on roadside and paths, and readily takes possession of any uncultivated area. It grows on all kinds of soil, even on alkali soil, but prefers heavier types. It flowers nearly throughout the year.The plant varies greatly in habit according to soil and climate. It is readily propagated by cuttings and rootings; propagation by seeds is also possible. Medicago Sativa Seeds Tue, 09 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Medicago sativa an erect, much - branched perennia,l herb, 0.3 - 1.0 m. high. Medicago sativa an erect, much - branched perennia,l herb, 0.3 - 1.0 m. high. Leaves pinnately trifoliate; leaflets obovate-oblong, dentate towards apex; flowers purple or violet, in dense axillary racemes; pod slightly pubescent with 2 - 3 spirals; seeds 6 to 8, yellow to brown, kidney-shaped. Stylosanthes Scabra Seeds Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Stylosanthes scabra Erect, hardy plant, growing to a height of 1-1.5m in height, profusely branching, leaves slightly waxy in appearance. Acacia Dealbata Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Acacia dealbata, an evergreen tree, native to Australia Acacia dealbata, an evergreen tree, native to Australia and Tasmania, with gray and somewhat silvery bark, was later introduced in the Nilgiri and Palni hills of India, where it attains a height of over not confirmed 6-9mt/ 8-25mt. /30mt. and girth of over 1.2m. Leaves are bipinnate and flowers are yellow and fragrant. The gum which is naturally produced by the trunk of Acacia dealbata is edible and can be substituted for Gum Arabic, which is the main ingredient in the production of soft drinks. Acacia dealbata cultivation requires a sandy loam soil and prefers a sandy location, which is sheltered from strong winds. The plant prefers hot dry conditions, but is also tolerant of wet conditions. Acacia dealbata propagation through seeds requires scarification and soaking in warm water for about 12 hrs, followed by sowing in a warm greenhouse in mid spring-season. Acacia Mangium Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Acacia mangium is a very fast growing plantation species, which can attain 15m height and 40cm in 3 years and 23m height in 10 years. Solid wood yield varies with levels of 46mt./ha/yr, and is occasionally attained. The wood is hard, pale yellow with narrow sapwood and close grain. Mature trees are about 35mt. in height and up to 60cm in diameter. The bole is generally straight and matures with-in 12 years. Flowers are white or cream coloured. Acacia mangium seeds are shiny black and small. Juvenile foliage resembles that of Leucaena, Albizzia and other mimosoid legumes. Azadirachta Indica Seeds Tue, 09 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Azadirachta indica, commonly known as neem, is a native to the Indian sub-continent, and is extensively used in Ayurveda and homeopathic systems of treatment, for its medicinal properties. The fast-growing and long-lasting tree grows up to a height of about 15 m, with a straight bole and spreading round crown. The bark is dark-brown and moderately thick, with wide longitudinal fissures. The pinnate leaves measure about 20-40 cm in length and the dark green leaflets are approximately 3-8 cm long. The green Azadirachta indica flowers bear an resembling to garlic, and turn yellow, when they ripen. The single or double seeded fruits are elongate-oval, smooth, and measure 1.4–2.8 cm by 1.0–1.5 cm. Azadirachta indica seeds are covered with a brown colored seed coat, and are elongated in shape. For successful germination, the seed cover is removed, and the seeds are sown in moist sand or agar at a temperature of 25 or 26°C. Azadirachta indica is useful for a wide variety of medicinal uses for its antibacterial, therapauptinc and healing properties. Every part of the tree, including its, bark, leaves, roots and seeds are used in the treatment of different diseases. Ziziphus Jujuba Seeds Tue, 09 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Jujuba Ziziphus a deciduous tree, up to 12m in height, sometimes a large bush, found both cultivated and naturalized in Punjab. Leaves ovate to oblong-oval or nearly lanceolate, 2.5-5cm long, obtusely serrate; spines usually two, one of them mostly recurved; fruits oblong to ovoid or subglobose, 3cm or less in length.It is believe that this species is a native of North china, from where it was introduced into west Asia 2500-3000 years ago. The Greeks and Romans become acquainted with it and carried it into Barbary (North Africa) and Spain. ALater, the species become naturalized in the areas of its cultivation. There is hardly any authentic record of its introduction into India. Bauhinia Purpurea Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 The Purple Orchid Tree is an exotic tropical tree that blooms over a long period of time. The beautiful & fragrant, classic, Orchid-like flowers of Bauhinia purpurea makes this small tree. Bahuinia purpurea is a small to medium-size deciduous tree growing to 17 feet (5.2 m) tall. The leaves are 10–20 centimetres (3.9–7.9 in) long and broad, rounded, and bilobed at the base and apex. The flowers are conspicuous, pink, and fragrant, with five petals. The fruit is a pod 30 centimetres (12 in) long, containing 12 to 16 seeds. Leaves are alternate. Caesalpinia Pulcherrima Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a large shrub, generally grown in gardens for its showy reddish-yellow flowers.  The plant attain a height of 3mt. Retains its leaves throughout the year. It mainly grows in frost free climates. The stem, branch and petiole are armed with sharp spines and the leaves are fern like twice compound with many small oval leaflets and leaves are fern like. The leaves and bark are emmenagogue, purgative and tonic.  The bark is used as an abortifacient.  An infusion of the flowers is said to be febrifuge (Kirt. & Basu, II, 848; Burkill, I, 390). The flowers contain: gallic acid, resins, benzoic acid, tannins, and a red colouring matter. The fruits are rich in tannins. A red dye has been isolated from the flowers. It is easy to grow from seed. Lagerstroemia Indica Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Lagerstroemia indica is a handsome deciduous shrub  or a small tree, native of China, commonly cultivated in gardens throughout India for its beautiful flowers.  Though usually a shrub under cultivation, it is reported to attain a height of 15m. in Assam forests, where it is possibly wild. Bark smooth, ashy or nearly white, peeling off in thin pieces; leaves elliptic or obovate; flowers in terminal panicles, white, rose or mauve; capsules globose; seeds winged. Acacia Holosericea Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Acacia holosericea is a shrubby acacia, attain a height of 1-4mt., little used in its native Australia. Yet it promises to be an outstanding drought resistant multipurpose tree for tropical regions. Its excellent potential for fuel, charcoal, animal fodder land rehabilitation and as an ornamental shrub is now being realized in Africa and the Indian subcontinent. Advantages can be taken of the fast growth, dense crown, Nitrogen fixing ability and vigorous colonizing characteristic of this species for re vegetation and restoration of degraded mining area. Acacia holosericea grows up to the height of 4 m in rainfall less than 300 mm and up to 600 and above, even on bad sites. Acacia holosericea seeds are colored brown-black and funicles are yellow. Acacia Senegal Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Acacia senegal or Senegalia senegal, is a small thorny, deciduous tree with yellowish white bark and feathery crown, reaching a height of 4-6m and a girth of 30-60cm. The tree is native to Sudan, and grows throughout India, particularly in Haryana, Gujrat, and in the dry rocky hills of Rajasthan (the Aravallies). Leaves are bipinnate, with stipular spines and flowers are yellowish and fragrant 5-10cm long spikes. Pods are about 7.5cm long, straight, strap-shaped, and contain 5-6 seeds. Acacia senegal seeds require soaking in Conc. Sulfuric Acid for about 20-30 minutes for successful germination. The seedlings require protection from grazing, wildfire and weeds for about 2 yrs. Acacia senegal is a primary, source of Gum Arabic, which is a main ingredient of soft drink syrups, while the wood is a good source of fuel. Acrocarpus Fraxinifolius Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Acrocarpus fraxinifolius is a lofty, deciduous, buttressed tree, up to 60m in height and 8.1m in girth, with a clear bole of 18-45m. The tree is found in the lower hill-forests of the eastern Himalayas, extending to Nagaland and Manipur, and in the evergreen hill-forests of South India. Bark is fairly smooth, greyish brown, and leaves are bipinnate with 30cm or more long rachis. There are 5-8 pairs of oblong, elliptical-lanceolate or oblique leaflets. Flowers are scarlet, red or orange in simple, axillary, dense recemes. Acrocarpus fraxinifolius seed pods are long-stalked, flat and thin,and contain 5-10 seeds. Seeds are brown, obovate, oblique and compressed.   Acrocarpus fraxinifolius commonly known as Pink cedar is one of the largest and fast growing timber trees in India thriving in areas of heavy rainfall. It is commonly found in the evergreen forests of the Western ghats, mostly on the hill slopes (up to 1,200m), in Sikkim and in Duars of West Bengal and Assam. The tree is now also cultivated on a large scale in Coorg and South Kanara districts of Karnataka. Acrocarpus fraxinifolius is also grown as a shade-tree for coffee in Coorg, and has been recommended for tea plantations. It can be grown in areas unsuitable for teak. The tree is sensitive to frost but the seedlings are not browsed by animals.   Under natural conditions Acrocarpus fraxinifolius seeds germinate with the onset of monsoon and the young seedlings can be collected for the nursery. The tree flowers in South India from November to January and the fruits ripen during April-June. Though the pods are collected when they turn black, from February till the onset of the rains, the best seeds are obtained only during April-May. The pods are dried in the sun for 3-4 days on mats and beaten with stick to shell the seeds. About 46,000 seeds weigh to a kilogram. Acrocarpus fraxinifolius seeds cannot be stored for more than 10 months. The seeds, sown immedietaly after collection, show 30-40 per cent germination in 10 days. Successful germination requires soaking in concentrated sulphuric acid for about 10 min or in warm water for 14hrs. For direct sowings, the seeds are placed 1.8m apart or may be broadcast in burnt fuel-coupes.   In recent practices, the seed are mixed with those of Chuckrasia tabularis A.Juss.or Toona ciliata M.Roem. Acrocarpus fraxinifolius are tolerant to shade and grow rapidly. Nursery beds are watered twice a day during germination period, and later every alternate day. The beds are weeded after germination. The seedlings are pricked out as they are sufficiently large for handling and transplanted in June of the same year. older plants can also be transplanted succesfully. Acrocarpus fraxinifolius susceptible to infestation by aquatic insects, such as Martesia spp. and Teredo spp. If infected by Trametes lactinea Berk and T. betulina Linn, sap wood turns white and spongy, while heartwood bomes. It is also infested by several beetles and larvae.   The sapwood is white , heartwood is light red with slightly darker lines. The wood is lustrous, without characteristics odour, fairly durable, moderately hard and strong heavy ornamental. Somewhat interlocked or wavy grained or with fiddle-back mottling, the wood is comparable to that of Chuckrasia spp. It is easy to saw, though nail-holding power is low. Chuckrasia tabularis wood is primarily used for shingles and plankings and for making tea-boxes in West Bengal. It is a general-utility timber, suitable for beams, rafters, trusses, doors, windows, etc. For doors and windows, it may be substituted for teak and sal after proper seasoning and preservative treatment. It is a general construction wood and is substituted for Poonspar wood (Calophyllum elatum). Being ornamental, it is also suitable for packing-cases for heavy machinery and other similar stores, tool helves and handles for shovels, rakes, and spades. It makes good veneers and plywood. Chuckrasia tabularis timber may be used for the productionn of second-class kraft pulp. The waste wood is used as fuel. Adenanthera Pavonina Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Adenanthera pavonina or Red sandalwood tree, is a deciduous, spreading, fast-growing, branchless tree, 18-24m in height and 2.0-2.4m in girth, found in the sub Himalayan tract, ascending up to an altitude of 1,200m in Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Gujarat, Maharashtra, South India and in the Andamans. The bark and dark brown or grayish brown and rough on the old tree, and the wood is white or brownish white inside. Adenanthera pavonina leaves are bipinnate, 20-30cm long, with alternate leaflets, which are papery, elliptic-oblong, obtuse and glabrous. Flowers are yellowish and scented in short-peduncled, axillary racemes, and panicled at the end of branches. Pods are narrow and measure 15-20cm in length. On maturation, the pods twist to open and expose 8 to 12 seeds. Adenanthera pavonina seeds are scarlet colored, hard and shining, and are used as beads in jewelry. The seeds are very consistent in mass, and 4 seeds roughly make up 1 gram. Adenanthera pavonina seeds also possess medicinal properties and are used in the treatment of rheumatism. The seeds are also cooked in Java, for human consumption with rice. Powdered Adenanthera pavonina seeds can also be used as red pigment. The seeds require scarification and boiling in water for about one minute for successful germination. Albizia Lebbeck Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Albizia lebbeck or Woman's Tongue Tree, a medium-sized deciduous tree, grows up to a height of 30 m, with a large and spreading crown, up to 30 m across. The tree is a native to Indo-Malasia and northern Australia, and was later successfully introduced in India. The bark is rough, gray and flaky, and stems are grayish-brown. Albizia lebbeck leaves are bipinnate, with upto 5 pinnae across a 8-9 cm long rachis. The 5-10cm long rachilla bears 3-11 pairs of leaflets, which are oblong or asymmetric. Fragrant flowers are present in terminal or axillary semi-globular clusters of 15-40 flowers. Albizia lebbeck flowers are creamy-white in color, with pale green tip, and turn dark yellow with age. The indehiscent Pods are glabrous and measure 12-35 cm in length, and 3 - 6 cm in width. Pods are yellowish-brown in color and contain 3-12 seeds. Albizia lebbeck seeds are brown-colored, ellipsoidal and flattened, and require less pretreatment for successful germination. Albizia lebbeck is drought tolerant and thrives well in a wide range of soils. The tree is a good soil binder a is frequently used for soil erosion control, along with the other uses a source of hardwood and forage. Areca Catechu Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Areca catechu a tree with annulate stem, 12.18m in height, some trees reaching up to 30m, widely distributed in the coastal regions from Maharashtra to Kerala and Tamil Nadu and in the Deccan Plateau, in Assam, Meghalaya, West Bengal, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands, It is also cultivated in the areas of its ocurrence for its nuts which are commercially important. Stem surmounted by a crown of pinnate leaves, 1.2-1.8m long; leaflets numerous, 30-60cm long upper pinnae confluent, glabrous, petioles expanded into a broad, tough, shealth like growth at the lower end; spathe double, compressed, glabrous; spadices much-branched, bearing ebracteate male and female flowers; male flowers small, numerous, sessile; female flowers solitary or in groups of two or three, at or near the base of each ramification of the spadix, sessile, much larger than the male; bisexual flowers have also been recorded; fruits ovoid or oblong, 4-5cm long, smooth, orange or scarlet when fully ripe, single-sided, with persistent perianth and fibrous mesocarp; endosperm or seed-kernel, popularly called the "Arecanut:, 2-4cm in diam, greyish brown, ruminate with reddish brown lines. Bambusa Arundinacea Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Bambusa arundinacea a graceful, spinous bamboo, distributed throughout the moist parts of India, up to an altitude of 1,250m, particularly near river banks; native to south-east Asia, also cultivated in the plains of North-West India, and on the hills of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.  It flowers gregariously once in 30-40 years.  Rhizomes short, stout, knotty; culms dense, reaching 24-30m in  height and 15-17cm in diam, green, hollow, purplish green when young, turning golden yellow, with prominent nodes and long internodes, lower ones rooting, often sub-angular, flexuous; leaves linear or linear-lanceolate, 7-18cm x 2-20mm; flowers in large panicles, sometimes occupying the whole culm; caryopsis oblong 5-8mm long, grooved on one side. The sprouts are acrid, bitter, laxative and are useful in inflammations, ulcers and wounds. Extract is used to treat various inflammatory conditions. Camellia Sinensis Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Camellia sinensis is an evergreen tree or shrub growing to a height of 30-50 ft. when left to itself.  Under cultivation it is usually pruned down to a height of 2-5 feet and maintained as a bush.  The leaves are alternate, evergreen, elliptic obovate or lanceolate, with serrate margin.  They are glabrous or, sometimes, pubescent beneath.  The young leves are more or less pubescent.  Mature leaves are bright green in colour, leathery and smooth, varying in length from 2 to 12in.  The flowers may be either solitary or may occur in clusters of 2-4.  They are white and fragrant, about 1-½ in. diam.  The capsules are brownish-green, 1-4 lobed, each lobe bearing 1-3 seeds.  The seeds are spherical or flattened and brown in colour. It is native to south East Asia, but today it is cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the whole world. Canavalia Ensiformis Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Canavalia ensiformis, this species, a native of West Indies, is cultivated to a limited extent in India. It is an annual, semi-erect, bushy legume, growing to a height of 20cm. and bearing sword-shaped pods, 8-15 in. long and about 1 in broad. The pods contain 10-12 white seeds, sword shaped, seeds narrowly ellipsoid, white, smooth, each having a brown hilum extending to half the length of the seed. Flowers are white with red base about 2.5cm long, few, on stout axis. Propagation is done by seed. It is drought resistant and immune to many pests. Its seed contains Protein, fat, crude fibre,nitrogen free extact. Cassia Fistula Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cassia fistula is a moderate-sized deciduous tree with a bole 40feet high and 3 - 4 ft in girth, indigenous to India, and naturalised in tropical Africa, South America and West Indies.  It is sometimes cultivated for its beautiful yellow flowers which appear during April - June.  The fruits are pendulous, cylindrical, 25 - 50cm, long and 1.5 - 3 cm in diam. And contain 25 - 100 seeds.  Although one-celled in the beginning, the fruit latter develops numerous transverse septa between the seeds.  In fresh pods, the seeds are completely surrounded by a black pulp, which, on drying adheres to the septa. The bark of Cassia fistula known as Sumari is sued in admixture with avaram bark in the tanning of East India Kips. It is mainly used as ornamental trees, but also used as firewood inMexico. Wood is also used to make farm implements. It is reported to be astringent, purgative, vermifuge. The fruit is used as an anti-inflamatory, antipyretic, refrigerent, good for eye ailments, flu, heart and liver ailments.Leaf poultices are used in facial massage for brain afflictions. This plant is alos used in epilepsy, diarrhea, cancer, constipation, pimples, glandular tumours, paralysis, rheumatism, kidney stones etc. Cassia Tora Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cassia tora is a dicot legume known as sickle senna, sickle pod, tora, coffee pod, tovara, chakvad and foetid cassia. The plant is an herbaceous annual foetid herb. The plant can grow 30-90 centimeters high and consists of alternative pinnate leaves with leaflets mostly with three opposite pairs that are obovate in shape with a rounded tip. The leaves grow up to 3-4.5 centimeters long. The stems have distinct smelling foliage when young. The flowers are in pairs in axils of leaves with five petals and pale yellow in colour. Cassia tora yellow flowers occur in pairs with stamens of unequal length producing pods that are somewhat flattened or four angled, 10–15 cm long and sickle shaped, hence the common name sickle pod. There are 30-50 seeds within a pod. The seed, roots and leaves from this plant has been shown to be very beneficial to the modern system of herbal medicines. Crotalaria Juncea Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Crotalaria juncea an erect, shrubby annual, 1-4mt. high, with simple, narrow, sub-sessil leaves and fairly large, bright yellow flowers.  The pods are tough skinned, and each of them contains a large number of small seeds. Sunn or sann hemp, also known as Indian or Bombay Hemp, is one of the most commonly cultivated fibre crops in India, ranking next in importance to jute as a bast fibre crop.  It is cultivated nearly all over India, either for the fibre obtained by retting its stems or as a green manure crop in rotation with grain or cash crops. It is also used as green manure, and cover crop. It grows in moist well drained soil. It is drought tolerant. Cupressus Torulosa Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cupressus torulosa is a large, erect, rather close-foliaged, frost-resistant tree, usually attaining a height of about 15-25mt. and 37 ft in girth with a clear bole of 60-80ft have been observed. Leaves are scale-like, closely pressed along the shoots, blunt, dark green. The tree grows wildly in Nepal between altitudes of 5000-9000 ft (1800-3300mt.). Seed cones are elliptical in shape and measure about 10-20 mm in diameter. Flowering occurs in February-March.The cones are green when young and turn red-dark brown on maturity to release 6-8 Cupressus torulosa seeds per scale. Cupressus torulosa is extremely adaptable to varying climate in the Himalayan region. The tree grows in different forms of patches in combination with deodar, spruce, silver fir, blue pine or oak. It is found wild on the slopes of china hill at Naini Tal, the limestone cliffs of Moila and Lokandi in Jaunsar, Shimla hills, Chamba, Kullu, Garhwal and other parts of western Himalayas. This plant is estimated as a ‘least concerned variety’ in IUCN red list. Cyamopsis Tetragonoloba Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cyamopsis tetragonoloba, commonly known as cluster bean or guar bean, is an upright, bushy herb, growing up to 3 meters in height. The guar gum obtained from the plant, has gained huge importance due to its utilization in the extraction of oil shale gas. India and Pakistan are major exporters of Cyamopsis tetragonoloba, and account for over 80% of the global production. Moreover, the herb is also utilized for human consumption across Western and Southern India, while the foliage is high on protein content, and is thus, used as fodder. It is also grown for gum production. Seed flour is used to improve paper strength. The herb is an annual legume and is rotationally planted, with maize or wheat, to increase the soil quality. The fast growing root system facilitates its growth in semi-arid and arid regions. The trifoliate leaves measure 5-10 cm in length, have white hairs, and are elongated and oval and shape. Cyamopsis tetragonoloba flowers are pink, white or gray in color, and the pods are hairy, straight and pale green, bearing 5- 12 seeds upto 10cm long. The tiny, oval shaped Cyamopsis tetragonoloba seeds are used as fodder, and in petroleum, paper, and mining industries. It is drought resistant. Cycas Revoluta Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cycas revoluta is cultivated in Indian gardens. The plant attains a height of 3.5mt. it is a slow growing plant, with larger leaves, pinnately compound, 4-5ft. long. The dark green stiff leaflets have a linear shape with a shiny upper surface. The trunk is dark brown, thick and appears shaggy. The male and female reproductive structures are in the centre. The male resembles a large con, which is upto 2feet in length. The female organ resembles a yellow furry globe, and there are many bright orange seeds that are 2 inches in diameter. It is drought resistant. The seeds contain: crude protein, 14; soluble non-nitrogenous substances, 68; and combined formaldehyde, 0.164 - 0.22%.  About 90% of the formaldehyde can be removed by washing the seed flour with water. Washed meal is cooked and eaten. It is used as astringent, cancer, diuretic, expectorant. Cydonia Oblonga Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cydonia oblonga shrub or a small tree cultivated in Afghanistan, N.W.F.  Province, Punjab, Kashmir and Nilgiris. The plant attains a height of 4-6mt. Young branchlets are covered with a pale grayish wool. Leaves are oval, or elliptic, 5-10cm. long by 4-6m wide, untoothed, dark green above, pale with with a dense felt of grey wool beneath. Flowers are pink or white, produced in May or early June, after the leaves. Trees are self fertile. The fruits, which are pear or apple-shapped, are golden yellow in colour, juicy, fragrant and contain a large number of plano-convex, mucilagecoated seeds (6-7 mm. Long), closely packed in two vertical rows, in each of the five carpellary cavities of the fruit.The leaves, buds and bark are astringent.  The fruits are sub-acid or sour in taste, and have an agreeable aroma.  They are usually eaten after cooking or baking or are made into preserves and jellies.  Some varieties grown in Persia and in other regions are said to bear sweet fruits whichare edible even in the raw condition. The fruits are astringent, expectorant, tonic and cardiac. Cymbopogon Martinii Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cymbopogon martinii a tall perennial sweet-scented grass, 5- 8 ft. high, occurring in the drier localities of India, from Kashmir through Punjab hills to Almora, Garhwal and Singhbhum and extending from C.P. to Rajputana, Bombay and south India. Two varieties are known, Motia and Sofia, which are morphologically indistinguishable. It is stated that experienced farmers can distinguish them in the field both by their appearance and scent. The two varieties have different habits and grow under different ecological conditions. The motia variety is not gregarious and it occurs in patches 1 - 2ft. apart. It grows in open forests or clearings on dry sunny slopes. The sofia variety, on the other hand is gregarious and covers considerable area. It grows in lower altitudes and valleys, in shady nullas, and dense moist areas with poor drainage.   It has fragrant leaves, long slender stems and terminal flowering tops. It is a drought hardy grass attaining a height of 1.5 to 2.5m having hairy and fibrous shallow root system with long linear lanceolate leaves. It produces large fawn coloured inflorescence containing while, hairy star like spiked flowers. It is native to India. Cytisus Scoparius Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 General Description: Cytisus scoparius, the Common Broom and Scotch Broom, syn. Sarothamnus scoparius, is a perennial leguminous shrub native to western and central Europe. The plant attains a height 2.4mt. In Britain and Ireland the standard name is Broom, but this name is also used generically for other related species (see broom), and the term Common Broom is sometimes used for clarification. In other English-speaking countries, the most prevalent common name is Scotch Broom (or Scot's Broom); English Broom is also occasionally used. Leaves are alternately arranged, small, trifoliate, upper leaves often with only 1leaflet; colour is medium to bright green. Stems are flexible, green when young and grey when old. Flowering occurs in May to early June. Propagation is done by cuttings and seeds. Dalbergia Sissoo Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Dalbergia sissoo, commonly known as Indian Rosewood or Shisham, is a deciduous tree, with light crown. Under favorable conditions the tree attains a height of about 25mt., a girth up to 8ft and a clear bole up to 35 ft. The tree is native to India, and is internationally known for its premium rosewood timber. The leaves measure about 2-4 inches in length, and are odd-pinnately compound, alternate and orbiculate or elliptic (oval) in shape. Dalbergia sissoo flowers are white, cream or grayish-pink in color, measure about 3 cm in length, and are placed in dense clusters, measuring 5-10 cm in length. The fruits are indehiscent, measure 5-7.5cm in length and 8-13mm in width, rounded in bean shaped light brown colored, and contain 1-5 seeds. Dalbergia sissoo seeds are flat, kidney-shaped, light brown and thin, measuring 8-10 mm in length. The tree generally grows across river beds, and has a long taproot. Dalbergia sissoo wood is is used for making furniture, musical instruments, cabinets, agricultural tools, skis and boats. The wood is a premium veneer material, and is also used as fuel, due to its high calorie content. Delonix Regia Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Delonix regia a strikingly ornamental medium-sized tree, planted in avenues and gardens in all the warmer and damper parts of India.This plants attains a height of 40ft. It has a spreading crown of feathery foliage, which are alternately arranged, bipinnately compound, entire, semi-evergreen, green in colour and bears flowers early in the hot season as the foliage falls and the branches are nearly bare. The flowers with panicles, varying in colour from deep crimson through scarlet orange to delicate salmon, appear in profusion in broad erect clusters along the branches, presenting a gorgeous appreances. The flowers last till June or even longer. Gumohar is naturalized in India and is widely cultivated as a street tree. Dendrocalamus Strictus Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Dendrocalamus strictus is a densely tufted bamboo with strong, elastic, thick-walled or solid clums varying in size according to locality. It is found in deciduous forests and in dry or mederately dry regions practically all over India up to 3,500 ft. It occurs sometimes gregariously almost to the exclusion of tree growth is usually it is found as an under-storey to or a misture with deciduous trees. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 2.5–25 cm long; 5–30 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; pubescent; hairy abaxially, or on both sides. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate. Spikelets comprising 2–3 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7.5–12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets. Dodonaea Viscosa Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Dodonaea viscosa is a cosmopolitan, variable, evergren shrub or a small tree, occurrring almost throughout India. This plant attains height of about 1-3mt, but rarely can reach upto 10mt. The leaves are simple elliptical, 6-13 cm long and 2-4 cm broad, and secrete a resinous substance. The flowers are yellow to orange-red, produced in short racemes. The fruit is a capsule 2 cm broad, red ripening brown, with three wings. It is found gregariously in western Himalayas as undergrowth in Pinus roxburghii Sarg forests and in dry miscellaneous forests ascending to 6,500 ft. It is also found in the drier regions of south India up to an altitude of about 8,000 ft. It regenerates profusely by seed and is useful species for reclothing denuded tracts. Eucalyptus Citriodora Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Eucalyptus citriodora or Corymbia citriodora, a native of Australia, is a tall tree growing up to 45 m in height, with broad crown and sparse canopy. The powdery bark is smooth, white or pink in color, and sheds thin curling flakes. The lemon scented leaves are alternate, lanceolate or falcate in shape, glossy-green in color, and measure 10–23 cm in length, and 0.6–2.8 cm in width. Corymbia citriodora flowers are white in color, and arranged in axillary peduncles, measuring 0.3–1 cm in length. The pedicellate fruits are barrel-shaped, measure 0.8–1.5 cm in length, and 0.7–1.2 cm in width, and contain three enclosed valves. Corymbia citriodora seeds are boat-shaped, glossy reddish-black in color, and measure about 2.3–5 mm in length. Eucalyptus citriodora is generally grown for the essential oil obtained from its lemon-scented gum. The essential oil is widely used across the perfume industry, across the globe. Ficus Religiosa Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Ficus religiosa, commonly known as the Bodhi Tree or Peepal, is a large deciduous tree, growing up to 30 m in height, and trunk diameter of up to 3 m, at breast height. The tree is a native to the Indian Subcontinent, Indochina and south-west China. The bark is light gray in color, with peelings in patches. The leaves are leathery, green colored, slightly egg-shaped, pointed at the tip, and cordate at the base, measuring 4-8 inches in length and 3-5 inches in width. Being a monoecious tree, male and female flowers grow on the same tree. Ficus religiosa flowers are pollinated by fig wasps. Ficus religiosa seeds are very rare to to find and are highly prized. The tree is considered as sacred in Hindi and Buddhist cultures. Gautam Buddha is believed to have achieved enlightenment, while sitting under Ficus religiosa. In India, the tree is grown near temples and praying spaces at home. Gliricidia Sepium Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Gliricidia sepium small or medium-sized tree with a short bole, introduced into India primarily as a shade tree in plantations. Leaves large, imparipinnate, with 7-15 leaflets, bright green above and pale below; flowers purplish leaves are shed; pods linear; 4-8 in. long, compressed, containing 10 or more seeds. Gmelina Arborea Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Gmelina arborea an anarmed tree, c. 20-30ft. high, with a clear bole of 20-30ft. and a girth of 5-7 ft., found scattered in deciduous forests throughout the greater part of India and the Andamans, up to an altitude of 5,000 ft.; it is also planted in gardens and avenues. Bark smooth whitish grey; leaves opposite, broadly ovate, cordate, glandular; flowers in terminal panicles, brownish yellow; drupe fleshy, ovoid, 1 or 2 seeded. Grevillea Robusta Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Grevillea robusta, a native of Eastern Australia, is an evergreen tree with a long pyramidal crown, growing to a height of 12m. Leaves are alternate, 6-12 inches long, fern-like, deeply pinnatifid, dark green above and silvery below. Grevillea robusta flowers are orange-colored, solitary or several together, borne in 3-4 inches long racemes, on short leafless branches of old wood. The fruit is an oblique, coriaceous follicle, containing 1 or 2 seeds. Grevillea robusta seeds are black in color, and measure 2 cm in length. Grevillea robusta wood in rot resistant, and is used for making furniture, fences and cabinets. Indigofera Tinctoria Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Indigofera tinctoria a shrub 2mt. high, found nearly throughout India, mainly as an escape from cultivation. Leaves are1-3 inch. long, with 7-13 leaflets; leaves are green when fresh, grayish black when drying, tender branches bluish red in color , flowers red and sessile ;pods glabrescent, slightly curved or straight, ¾-1 in. long. This species is very variable. It is considered to be Asian in origin, though it has been recorded as occurring wild in Africa. it is used as inflammatory, anti diabetic, anti epilective, anti bacterial, anti oxidant, antihelminthic. Jacaranda Mimosifolia Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Jacaranda mimosifolia an elegant shrub or medium-sized tree, commonly cultivated in Indian gardens for its finely divided foliage and beautiful folowers. Leaves alternate or almost opposite, bipinnate; pinnae in many pairs, each iwth 10-24 or more pairs of oblong-rhomboid leaflets with the end one larger; flowers bluish violet, in loose panicles; fruit an oblong, ovoid or broad capsule. Jatropha Curcas Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Jatropha curcas a large shrub, 3 - 4 m high, native of tropica America, occuring almost throughout India and in Andaman Islands. Leaves alternate, 10 - 15 cm X 7.5 - 12.5cm broadly ovate, cordate, acute, usually palmately 3 or 5 lobed, glabrous; flowers in loose panicles of cymes, yellowish green, c 7 mm. across; fruits c. 2.5 cm. long, ovoid, black, breaking in to three 2 valved cocci; seeds ovoid-oblong, dull brownish black.  The plant is reported to have been introduced into Asia and Africa by the Portuguese as an oil-yielding plant.  It is cultivated to a certain extent as an oilseed crop in Cape Verde Islands; a yield of 350-1000 lb of seeds per acre has been reported. Lawsonia Inermis Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Henna (Lawsonia inermis, also called mignonette tree) is a flowering plant used since antiquity to dye skin, hair, fingernails, leather and wool. The name is also used for dye preparations derived from the plant, and for the art of temporary tattooing based on those dyes. Additionally, the name is misused for other skin and hair dyes, such as black henna or neutral henna, which do not derive from the plant. The English name "henna" comes from the Arabia. Henna is a tall shrub or small tree, 2.6 m high. It is glabrous, multibranched with spine tipped branchlets. Leaves are opposite, entire, glabrous, sub-sessile, elliptical, and broadly lanceolate (1.5–5.0 cm x 0.5–2 cm), acuminate, having depressed veins on the dorsal surface. Henna flowers have four sepals and a 2 mm calyx tube with 3 mm spread lobes. Petals are obvate, white or red stamens inserted in pairs on the rim of the calyx tube. Ovary is four celled, style up to 5 mm long and erect. Fruits are small, brownish capsules, 4–8 mm in diameter, with 32–49 seeds per fruit, and open irregularly into four splits. Leucaena Leucocephala Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Leucaena leucocephala deep rooted high yielding perennial tree, withstands repeated defoliation, can be managed at any height. Green yield 50-60 MT/ha/Yr. Moringa Oleifera Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Moringa oleifera, a small or medium sized tree, grows up to 10-12 m in high, found wild in the sub-Himalayan tract, from River Chenab eastwards to River Sharda, and cultivated all over the plains of India. The bark is thick, soft, corky, deeply fissured; young parts are tomentose. The leaves are usually tri-pinnate and leaflets are elliptic. Moringa oleifera flowers are white-colored, fragrant, and placed in large panicles. The pods are pendulous, greenish in color, triangular, ribbed, and measure 22.5-50 cm in length. Moringa oleifera seeds are trigonous with wings on angles. Moringa oleifera posseses high nutritional qualities, and almost all of its parts including leaves and pods are consumed. The tree possesses many medicinal properties, and its oil is highly prized in treatment of conditions related to high blood pressure. Morus Alba Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Morus alba a monoecious, occasionally dioecious shrub or moderate-sized tree. Morus alba a monoecious, occasionally dioecious shrub or moderate-sized tree with a fairly cylindrical straight bole, up to 10-18mt. high and 1.8 m in girth. Bark dark greyish brown, rough, with vertical fissures; leaves vary viable, ovate or broadly ovate, serrate or crenate-serrate, often deeply lobed; flowers in conspicuous, greenish; male spikes (catkins) laxflowered, broadly cylindrical or ovoid, female spikes ovoid, pedunculate; fruit a syncarp consisting of many drupes enclosed in fleshy perianth, ovoid or sub-globose, up to 5.0 cm. long, white to pinkish white, purple or dark purple to black. M. nigra is indigenus to china. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant)The plant is self-fertile. Mucuna Bracteata Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Mucuna bracteata has green leaf foliage with leguminous nodules producing fixed nitrogen leading to amino acids. The seed of the legume of the Mucuna bracteata weighs about 90–190 mg each and is black in colour. This seed, as it is a legume, provides health benefits on its own, individually, for direct consumption. The foliage of the plant creates a shade covering over the soil it occupies, having a height of approximately 30–50 cm off the ground. This plant is a creeping type which grows rapidly and controls weed population in planted areas. With a release of leave foliage, the plant provides good mulching and composting properties to the soil surrounding it. Mucuna bracteata originates from North India in forest areas of the Tripura State. India specifically utilizes this cover crop in Kerala, India, on local rubber plantations to sustain their rubber tree crop with its primary purpose to increase nitrogen levels in the soil, in turn improving soil health and fertility. Mucuna Pruriens Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Mucuna prurita is a herbaceous twining annula found almost all over India and in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The plant attains a height of 12-15 ft. Leaves trifoliolate; leaflets broadly ovate, elliptic or rhomboid ovate, unequal at base; flowers in axillary, pendulous racemes, purple; pods curved, 5-10 cm x 1.5-1.8 cm, longitudinally ribbed, turgid, densely clothed with persistent pale brown or grey, irritant bristles; seeds black, 4-6 in a pod. ovoid (c. 12 mm. long), with funicular hilum. The plant is found in bushes and hedges, damp places, vavines and scrub jungles throughout the plains of India. Murraya Koenigii Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Murraya koenigii a handsome, aromatic, more or less deciduous shrub or small tree, up to 2.5 metres height and 15-40 cm. in diam, found almost black; leaves bipinnate Leaflet 9-25, ovate, lanceolate or somewhat rhomboid, irregularly crenate-dentate, acuminate, obtuse or acute, base usually oblique, almost glabrous above, pubescent beneath, glanddottted, strongly aromatic; flowers in terminal corymbose cymes, white, fragrant; berries sub-globose or ellipsoid, purplish black when ripe, 2-seeded. Fruits, round to oblong, 1.4 to 1.6 cm long, 1 to 1.2 cm in diameter; weight, 880 mg; volume, 895 microlitres; fully ripe fruits, black with a very shining surface; pulp, Wistaria blue 640/2; the number of fruits per cluster varying from 32 to 80. Seed, one in each fruit, 11 mm long, 8 mm in diameter, colour spinach green 0960/3; weight, 445 mg; volume, 460 microlitres. Nerium Oleander Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Nerium oleander a large evergreen shrub with milky juice found in the Himalayas from Nepal westwards to Kashmir up to 1950 m and in upper Gangetic plain and Madhya Pradesh; it is found as an escape in many other states.  The plant attains a height of 3mt. Leaves mostly in whorls of 3 sometimes 2, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, coriaceous; flowers white, rose or red, in terminal cymes, fragrant; fruit a follicle, 15-23 cm. long, connate; seeds numerous, small, tipped with coma of light brown hairs. The plants are almost free from pests and diseases and untouched by cattle and goats, due to their toxicity. In India they are thus the most favoured plants for the road dividers, where a plant has to withstand heat and dust, and little water. There are single and double forms in white, pink and red. Nelumbo Nucifera Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Nelumbo nucifera a handsome aquatic herb with stout, creeping rhizome found throughout India, ascending up to 1800 m. Leaves peltate, 60-90 cm. or more in diam., orbicular, glaucous; petioles very long, smooth or with small prickles; flowers solitary, large, top-shaped 5-10 cm in diam., spongy, with many (10 -30) uniovulate carpels sunk separately in cavities on the upper side; carpels maturing into ovoid nut like achenes. Peganum Harmala Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Peganum harmala a bushy herb, 2.5ft. high, found in Ladakh and Kashmir, up to 1650 meter and in Punjab, upper Gangetic plain, western Bihar, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Deccan and Konkan. Leaves multifid; segments linear, acute, narrow, 4-8 cm long, irregularly and pinnately cut into 3-5 cm long, 2-5 mm broad, linear-lanceshaped or subelliptic, pointed segments; flowers white, solitary in the axils of branches, about 2.5–3.8 cm in diameter. capsule globose, measure about 1–1.5 cm in diam., have three chambers and carry more than 50 seeds, depressed above, deeply lobed; seed many, angled, flat. The dried seeds of the plant constitute the drug Harmal, used in India for various medicinal purposes. Peltophorum Africanum Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Peltophorum africanum is a large unarmed evergreen tree, attains a height of 15mt. Leaflets are opposite obtuse.  Flowers are yellow on erect rusty - tomentose panicles, upright, showy sprays (150mm long) of bright yellow flowers with crinkled petals on the ends of branches; the stalk covered with reddish brown hairs. These are followed by clusters of thin, flat dark brown/black pods of about 100m, tapering to both ends. Pods flat indehiscent, 2-4m long. There are various uses of this plant. Young leaves and pods are eaten by livestock. Flowers provide a high yield of nectar and pollen for bee-keeping. The timber can be used for furniture. The wood is good good for fuel. It makes a good shade tree for both livestock and humans. There are also various medicinal uses recorded. Roots are used to heal wounds, toothache and throat sores; root, leaves and bark used to clear intestinal parasites and relieve stomach problems; bark relieves colic; stem and root used for diarrhoea and dysentery. It is also used to treat eyes. Phoenix Dactylifera Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Phoenix dactylifera a tall tree, up to 80ft. in height, cultivated or occasionally found self-sown in some parts of India.  Trunk covered with persistent bases of petioles, the base usually surrounded by a mass of offshoots or suckers; leaves in open crown, pinnate up to 5m long, greyish green, pinnae 20-40cm long, linear, keeled, lower pinnae modified into spines; flowers in branched spadices small; fruit an oblong berry, 2.5-7.5cm, long, reddish or yellowish brown when ripe; seed cylindric, bard, with a longitudinal furrow.Date palm has been known to exist from prehistoric times in the warm dry zone, extending from North-West Africa to South-West Asian Countries.  It is extensively cultivated throughout this region.  It is believed to be originally indigenous to countries around the Persian Gulf and even today Iraq remains the most important centre of the date production Dates have been cultivated in West Pakistan, probably since early Mohammedan invasions, and constitute an important fruit crop there.  Cultivation of dates has also been taken up in some other warm countries, and in California and Arizona in USA it has assumed commercial importance. Pinus Wallichiana Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Pinus wallichiana a tall evergreen tree with spreading or drooping branches, found in the Himalayas from Kashmir to Bhutan at altitudes of 1800-3700m; it also occurs in Balipara tract of Assam. Bark smooth and resinous in young stems, turning grey and corky with shallow fissures on mature trees; leaves needles-like in clusters of five; abnormal fascicles containing 4, 6 or 7needles are occasionally found ; needles 10-20cm long, bluish green, glaucous, persisting partly for 2-3 years; male flowers catkin-like, arranged in a cluster, yellow to light brown, often pink towards the apex; mature female cones lateral, solitary or in groups of 2 or 3, cylindrical, ripening after 18 months of their appearance, 15-33cm x 4-5cm when ripe, light brown, very resinous and easily distinguishable from other pines; seeds ovoid, 6-10mm long (without wings); wings membranous and about thrice as long as the seed.The blue pine occurs throughout the temperate Himalayas, through it is rarely met with in Sikkim and a considerable part of Kumaun. Its altitudinal range is higher than any other Himalayan conifer. Pistacia Vera Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Pistacia Vera plants are shrubs and small trees growing to 5–15 m tall. The leaves are alternate, pinnately compound, and can be either evergreen or deciduous depending on species. Podocarpus Macrophyllus Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Podocarpus macrophyllus (Kusamaki or Inumaki) is a conifer in the genus Podocarpus, family Podocarpaceae. It is the northernmost species of the genus, native to southern Japan and China. Kusamaki and Inumaki are Japanese names for this tree, and Kusamaki is increasingly being used as the English name as well, replacing the old, botanically inaccurate names Buddhist Pine and Fern Pine (it is not a pine). In China, it is known as luohan song, which literally means "arhat pine".It is a small to medium size evergreen tree, reaching 20 m tall. The leaves are strap-shaped, 6–12 cm long, and about 1 cm broad, with a central midrib. The cones are borne on a short stem, and have 2-4 scales, usually only one (sometimes two) fertile, each fertile scale bearing a single apical seed 10–15 mm. When mature, the scales swell up and become reddish purple, fleshy and berry-like, 10–20 mm long; they are then eaten by birds, which disperse the seeds in their droppings. Prosopis Chilensis Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 The trunk is stout and gnarled, and can reach a metre (yard) in diameter. The bark is pale brown and thick, with cracks and vertical fissures. The leaves are pinnate and up to 20 cm (8 in) long, with twelve to twenty leaflets arranged in pairs. Each leaflet is oval with a smooth margin and yellowish green upper surface. A pair of strong, curved thorns is borne at the location of each whorl of leaves. The flowers are borne in dense axillary spikes. Each individual flower has five sepals, five petals and ten stamens. The fruits are twisted or coiled pods up to 15 cm (6 in) long, with several coffee-coloured seeds inside. P. chilensis flowers between October and December and the fruits ripen between February and April. Prunus Persica Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Prunus persica a small tree up to 6mt. high, with glabrous twigs; leaves oblong to broad lanceolate, serrate, glabrous; flowers solitary, pink; fruits subglobose, 5-7cm across, fleshy, with a hard and deeply pitted stone.This species is broadly divided into three varieties, var. persica (Common Peach), var. nectarina (Ait.) Maxim. (Nectarine) and var. compressa Bean (Flat Peach.)  These are again subdivided into two groups based on the nature of the flesh, i.e. whether it is adherent to the stone (Clingstone) or free from it (Freestone) (Rehder, 463); Mansfeld, 139). It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is self-fertile. Psidium Guajava Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Psidium guajava is an arborescent shrub or small tree, up to 33ft. high; leaves light green, finely pubescent and chartaceous; flowers white and fragrant; fruits green to light yellow, but in some varieties, red, varying in shape and size to a great extent; flesh creamish white to yellow and some red.Guava is often referred to as the apple of the tropics; it is a native of tropical America, probably from Mexico to Peru, and has long been naturalized in India.  Many varieties are known in cultivation, but a detailed horticultural and systematic study of the species and its varieties are known in cultivation, but a detailed horticultural and systematic study of the species and its varieties is still lacking.  Sometimes two varieties are broadly distinguished, var. pyriferum and var. pomiferum based on the shape of the fruits, whether pear-shaped or globose and ovoid.  However, they are no longer accorded botanical standing.  P. guajava is closely similar to p. guineense and possibility of hybridization beween them seems likely, as they are highly variable with respect of fruit characters, and are also cultivated throughout the tropics. Pueraria Javanica Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Pueraria javanica Vigorous twining and climbing slightly woody, deep rooting legume. This plant attains a height of 10mt. Leaves large, trifoliate, leaflets thin, triangular, ovate, very shallowly lobed. Small mauve to deep purple flowers borne in scattered pairs in axillary racemes about 15 to 30 cm long. Pods straight, slightly curved, linear, cylinderical, 7.5 - 8.5cm long, black when mature containing 10 - 20 seeds. Seeds oblong to squarish with rounded cornes, brown to brownish black, about 3 mm. Punica Granatum Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Punica granatum is a shrub or small tree, 5-8m. high, considered to be a native of Iran, Afghanistan and Baluchistan, found growing wild in the warm vallyeys and outer hills of the Himalaysa between 900 and 1800m and cultivated throughout India.  Bark smooth, dark grey; branchlets sometimes spiniscent; leaves 2.0-8.0cm long, oblong or obovate, shining above; flowers usually scarlet red, sometimes yellow, 3.7-5.0cm long and as much across, mostly solitary or 2-4 together; fruits globose, crowned by persistent calyx, with a coriaceous woody rind and an interior septate with membranous walls, containing numerous seeds; seeds angular with a fleshy testa with is red, pink or whitish. Samanea Saman Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Albizia saman Middle sized to large evergeen tree with a short bole and an enormous, attins a height of 27mt., wide spreading umbrella-shaped crown extending to 30m in diameter.  The leaflets fold with the sunset and unfold at the sunrise. Pods sessile, straight, black-brown, 12 - 25cm x 1.8 - 2.5cm, thick, flattened, with thick firm sutures, indehiscent, leathery, ripening black, seplate between the seeds.  Seeds upto 25, 15mm long, brown, set in brownish pulp. The bark is dark grey, often bearing horizontal weals and the trunk frequently branches quite low down. Sapindus Detergens Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Sapindus detergens, Ritha is a beautiful, tropical, large-leaved deciduous tree of the Asian continent. It can be grown in warm to tropical climates, small trees can be grown inside in large tubs. Better known as soap-nut tree in inter-continental trade, it is an important trees of tropical and sub-tropical regions of the Indian subcontinent. Ritha flowers during May - June. The flowers are small and greenish white. The dried ritha fruit is most valuable part of the plant. Its fleshy portion contains saponin, which is a good substitute for washing soap and is as such used in preparation of quality shampoos, detergents, etc. Ritha seed germinates easily. To ensure cent per cent germination, the seed is soaked in lukewarm water for 24 hours and then sown. Saraca Asoca Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Saraca asoca is a small evergreen tree, 15-20ft. high, found wild along streams or in the shade of evergreen forests.  It occurs almost throughout Indian up to an altitude of 750m in the central and the eastern Himalaysa and the Khasi, Garo and Lushai hills; it is also found in the Andaman Islands. Leaves paripinnate, 15-20cm long, leaflets 6-12oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 7.5-22.5cm x 1.25cm, rigidly sub-coriaceous; flowers orange or orange-yellow, eventually turning vermillion, very fragrant, in dense axillary corymbs; pods flat, leathery, 10-25cm x 3.5-5cm, seeds 4-8, ellipsoid-oblong, 38cm, compressed. Sesbania Sesban Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Sesbania sesban a soft wooded, quick-growing short lived shrub, 4-8mt. high, found cultivated throughout the plains of India up to an altitude of 1200m. Leaves 7.5-15cm long paripinnate, leaflets 8-20 pairs, linear-oblong, glabrous, entire, mucronate to acuminate, 6.0-25.0mm x 2.5-6.0mm, flowers yellow or yellow spotted red to purple or with standard petals coloured purple or brown form outside, in 8-10 flowered, lax, axillary racemes, 2.5-14.0cm long; pods 12.5-22.5cm x 0.25-0.37cm; pendulous, weak, distinctly torulose, twisted, sharply beaked, 20-30 seeded and sepate. Simmondsia Chinensis Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Jojoba, (Simmondsia chinensis) is a shrub native to the Sonoranand Mojave deserts of Arizona, California, and Mexico. It is the sole species of the family Simmondsiaceae, placed in the order Caryophyllales. It is also known as goat nut, deer nut, pignut, wild hazel, quinine nut, coffeeberry, and gray box bush Jojoba is grown commercially for its oil, a liquid wax ester, extracted from the seed. The plant has also been used to combat and prevent desertification in the Thar Desert in India. Jojoba grows to 1–2 metres (3.3–6.6 ft) tall, with a broad, dense crown. The leaves are opposite, oval in shape, 2–4 centimetres (0.79–1.6 in) long and 1.5–3 centimetres (0.59–1.2 in) broad, thick waxy glaucous gray-green in color. The flowers are small, greenish-yellow, with 5–6 sepals and no petals. Each plant is single-sex, either male or female, with hermaphrodites being extremely rare. The fruit is an acorn-shaped ovoid, three-angled capsule 1–2 centimetres (0.39–0.79 in) long, partly enclosed at the base by the sepals. The mature seed is a hard oval, dark brown in color and contains an oil (liquid wax) content of approximately 54%. An average-size bush produces 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) of pollen, to which few humans are allergic. Sida Acuta Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 This is a much branched shrubby plant growing to a height of a feet or a little more. Its leaves are simple lanceolate, and can vary in size. Some plants have leaves that are quite small, while others grow leaves that can be quite long. The leaves are prominently toothed and have an acute base (hence acuta) with stipules being present. The flowers grow from leaf axils, are yellow in colour, solitary or occasionally in pairs. The flowers are buttercup like in shape, with overlapping petals. Spathodea Campanulata Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Spathodea campanulata A tall tree, reaching a height of c. 22m under favourable conditions.  Planted in gardens and avenues both for shade and for gorgeous display of flowers; in the dry areas, the tree is deciduous for a few weeks, but in humid climate it remains evergreen.  The Tulip tree of China and North America, Liriodendron tulipifera, is a different plant.  The buds are full of water and when pressed squirt a jet of liquid.  Leaves imparipinnately compound, 30-45cm long; leaflets mostly elliptic or oval; flowers bell-shaped, scarlet-red or orange, in dense pendulous, terminal racemes; capsules oblong-lanceolate, many-seeded; seeds winged. Swietenia Mahagoni Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Swietenia mahagoni a medium to large, magnificent , evergreen tree, native to Central America, with a handsome spreading habit. It has a buttressed base and, in its native country, the tree reaches a height of 30 m and a girth of 4.5 m., but in India it attains a height of 18-24 m only. Bark rugose grey-black; leaves paripinnate; leaflets 2-4 parirs, 3-5cm. long, opposite, very oblique, often subfalcate, lanceolate or ovate; flowers greenish yellow, in axillary pendulous panicles, shorter than the leaves; capsules ovoid, about 7.5 - 15.0 cm. x 7.5cm; seeds many, flat, winged. Tamarindus Indica Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Tamarindus indica a moderate sized to large, evergreen tree, up to 24-30mt. in height and 7 m in girth, but generally smaller, cultivated or found naturalized almost throughout the plains and sub-Himalayan tracts of India, particularly in the South.  Bark brownish or dark grey, longitudinally and horizontally fissured; leaves paripinnate, up to 15cm long; leaflets generally 10-20 pairs, sub-sessile, oblong, 8-30mm x 5-10mm; flowered racemes at the ends of rthe branchlets; pods 7.5-20.0cm long, c. 2.5cm broad and 1.0cm. thick, more or less constricted between the seeds, slightly curved, brownish-ash-coloured, scurfy; seeds 3-12, obovate-oblong, compressed, with a shallow, oblong pit on each side of the flat faces c. 1.5x0.8cm in loculi, enveloped by a tough, leathery membrane, the so-called endocarp.  Outside the endocarp is the lightbrownish, red, sweetish acidic, edible pulp, traversed by a number of branched, ligneous strands.  The outermost covering of the pod is fragile and easily separable.  The tree has usually a short and thick trunk, with is seldom straight.  It has a handsome, dense and spreading crown of feathery foliage and is prized for ornament and for palnting on the roadsides for shade.  Through it is evergreen, there is abundant leaf-fall and the new leaves appear during March-April.  In very dry localities, it sometimes becomes leafless for a short time during the hot season.  The flowers appear from April to June and the pods ripen in the cold season.  The tree is not exacting as regards the soil and in place it has become naturalized even in rocky land. It, however, thriges best on the deep alluvium.  The tree generall prefers a warm climate and can withstand drough, but is sensitive to frost Tecoma Stans Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Tecoma stans is An erect shrub or small tree, planted in gardens in the plains throughout India and in the hills, up to an altitude of 1,500m. The plant attains a height of 1.5-5mt., occasionally 10mt . It is naturalized in most parts of India, and is also found as an escape in the waste, dry places near gardens and houses.  Leaves odd-pinnate; leaflets 5-11, almost sessile, oblong-ovate, lanceolate, serrate; flowers yellow, fragrant,in terminal panicle, found throughtout the year; capsules linear, 12-20cm x 7cm., compressed; seeds numerous, each with 2, thin wings. Tectona Grandis Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Tectona grandis a tree with rounded crown, very variable in size according to its habitat, indigenous to the peninsular Indian and Madhya Pradesh, extending to parts of Rajasthan, southern Uttar Pradesh and Orissa. In favourable localities the tree attains large size, with tall, clean and cylindrical bole, carrying its girth well up the stem; but, with advance age, the stem becomes more fluted and buttressed at the base. The plant attains a height of 40mt. In dry situations and seasons, the leaves fall from November to January, while in moist localities the tree may remain in leaf until March or even later. As a rule the tree are leafless throughout the greater part of the hot season. The new leaves appear from April to June, come up from June to August or September but, like the normally wet conditions. The fruits ripen from November to January and fall gradually and may be collected from under the trees. For easy storage, the calyx is removed by half filling the bag with fruits and vigorously rubbing and shaking it; the remains of the calyces and be separated from the nuts by winnowing. The nuts vary much in weight; in samples from Madhya Pradesh, the number of fruits varied from 2000 to 3000 per kg. Terminalia Catappa Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Terminalia catappa is a large, handsome, deciduous tree, 32mt. tall having a bole of 12m, with a smooth grey bark and whorled branches, found in the Andamans.  It is also cultivated in gardens for edible frits.  Stems somewhat buttressed at the base, fluted slightly above; leaves large, obovate, usually crowded at the end of the branchlets; flowers white, star-shaped, in slender racemes; drupes yellowish or reddish, ellipsoidal, distinctly compressed, endocarp, enclosing the edible seed.The tree is common in the Andamans in the beach forest ofn the raised sandy beaches and extends into the forests behind where it is confined to sandy or shingly soils. Terminalia Chebula Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Terminalia chebula a tree 20mt.  in height and 1.5-2.4m in girth, with a cylindrical bole of 4-9m a rounded crown and spreading branches, found throughout the greater parts of India.  Bark dark-brown, often longitudinally cracked, exfoliating in woody scales; leaves ovate or elliptic with a pair of large glands at the top of the petiole; flowers yellowish white, in terminal spikes; drupes ellipsoidal, obovoid or ovoid, yellow to orange-brown, sometimes tinged with red or black and hard when ripe, 3-5cm long, become 5-ribbed on drving; seeds hard, pale yellow.T. chebula is found in the sub-himalaysn tracts from the Ravi eastwards to West Bengal and Assam, ascending up to an altitude of 1500m in Himalayas.   In the deciduous forests of India, it attains a girth of 1.5-1.8m., with a bole of 4.5-6.0m in length.  In the moister forests of the west coast, it reaches a girth of 2.4m or more, with a bole of 9m. in favourable localities.  In high-level rocky and dry places in the outer Himalayas and the hills of Deccan and South Indian it is a small tree.  In its natural habitat, the absolute maximum shadetemperature varies from 36 to 17.5° and the absolute minimum from 0 to 15.5°, and the normal rainfall from 75 to 330cm.  It is found on a variety of geological formations, growing on clayey as well as on sandy soils. Thespesia Populnea Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Thespesia populnea,a compact quick-growing, evergreen tree, 20-30 ft. in height and 1.2m in girth, with 2.5m clear bole, commonly found on the coasts of India and the Andamans; also grown elsewhere in gardens for ornament.  Bark grey to brown, fissured, often knobby, fibrous, c. 4.0mm. thick; leaves cordate-ovate, dark green, 7-15cm. long; flowers yellow with purple base, completely changing to purple when about to wither, 5.0-7.5cm; capsules brown, globose or oblong, 2.5cm x 4.0cm, with persistent calyx; seeds pilose or powdery on the surface, flat, egg-shaped.The tree is largely cultivated for ornament and shade, and it blooms throughout the year in the tropics.  It can grow everwhere including saline soils, except in hilly areas, but prefers light and porous soils.  It thrives in moist and warm situations, but can withstand temperatures as low as - 4°.  Thevetia Neriifolia Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Thevetia neriifolia a large, evergreen shrub, 4.5 - 6.0m tall, native of tropical America and the West Indies, but naturalized and cultivated in gardens in the plains throughout India. Leaves 10-15cm long, linear, acute; flowers bright yellow or pinkish yellow, in terminal cymes, scented; drupes triangular, fleshy, with 2-4 seeds. Fruit is small, containing two to four flat seeds. If ingested may experience pain in the mouth and lips, may also develop vomiting, cramping, abdominal pain, nausea and bradycardia shortly after ingestion. Mexican oleander is native to tropical America. Thuja Orientalis Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Thuja orientalis a shrub or small tree, 15mt. tall, with a dense crown and thin, reddish brown bark, native of China, grown successfully in forests in Bihar. And frequently planted for ornament all over India, particularly in hill-stations. Leaves 3mm. long rhombic-ovate, acute; cones erect, globose-ovate; seedsvinged.It is extensively cultivated as an ornamental tree in cool, moist places for its attractiveand dense foliage and bush like habit of growth. It is also grown as a hedge-plant, and for screens. The trees make fine avenues in gardens and parks. It is propagated by cuttings and seeds. The better-quality seeds are those which sink after not more than eight-hour of soaking. It is popular as a Christmas-tree in the plains. Trachycarpus Fortunei Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 The flowers are yellow (male) and greenish (female), about 2–4 mm across, borne in large branched panicles up to 1 m long in spring; it is dioecious, with emale and female flowers produced on separate trees. The fruit is a yellow to blue-black, reniform (kidney-shaped) drupe 10–12 mm long, ripening in mid autumn. Occasionally it occurs that a male plant of T. fortunei besides the usual spadices produces also a few other spadices which carry really hermaphroditic flowers. The hermaphroditic and completely fertile flowers are almost exactly like the male flowers, but are a little larger and with the carpels well evolute, the latter about as long as the filaments, furnished with a ring of silvery hairs all round. Ulex Europaeus Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Ulex europaeus a spiny 5ft. tall, introduced in to India from England and Europe, and naturalized at the higher altitudes of the Nilgiris, Palni and Kodaikanal hills of South India; it is also cultivated in the Simla hills as a winter-fodder. Branches striped, sometimes modified in to subulate throns; leaves simply, scaly, ending in a spinescent point; flowers yellow, fragrant, solitary or impairs in the axils crowded at the ends of branchlets; pods oblong, dark brown, turgid, few seeded. It is nowgrowing wild in India over large areas in the Nilgiris, frequenting the roadsides and borders of cultivated fields. Vigna Sinensis Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Vigna sinensis a sub-erect, trailing or climbing, bushy annual, with glabrous stems, found in the warmer parts throughout India, mostly under cultivation. Leaves pinnate: leaflets 7.5-15 cm. long, ovate, flowers in recemes, white, pale violet or purple in colour with an yellow eye, turning yellow when faded; pods variable, up to 90 cm long. 10-20 seeded: seeds varying in size, shape and colour. Withania Somnifera Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Withania somnifera an erect, evergreen tomentose shrub, 24-36 inch. high, found throughout the drier parts of India in waste places and on bunds; also cultivated to a limited extent for medicinal roots. The extract is derived form the roots of Withania somnifera belonging to family Solanaceae. It is commonly known as Ashwagandha which indicates the equine (of horses) odor of the plant. Its main use, as described in Ayurvedic literature, is as a “rasayana” or rejuvenating drug and hence also traditionally known as Avarada which suggests the application of this plant for enhancing longevity. Withania somnifera is one of the best known and most researched Ayurvedic herbs and holds a place in the Ayurvedic traditions similar to Ginseng in Chinese therapies. Araucaria Cunninghamii Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Bole straight, cylindrical, self-pruning, clean to 30 m or more; mature trees 1.2-1.7 m in diameter; trunk internodes variable, 1-4 m; crown pyramidal to flat; branches in whorls of up to 6, more or less horizontal, with 2nd- to 5th-order branchlets; outer bark dark plum, redbrown or grey, rough, peeling off around circumference in stringy papery layers; middle bark reddish-brown; inner bark mottled white. Juvenile leaves 23-27 x 20-25 mm, longer and flatter than adult, persist until trees are 10 years old; adult foliage crowded in overlapping whorls on ends of branches, persistent, without petioles, narrow to broadly triangular, slightly curved, 8-10 mm long, glabrous, dull green. Monoecious; male strobili usually borne on lower and mid-crown branches, terminal, green, yellow at anthesis, red-brown later, elongated, about 90 x 10 mm. Cone green, ovoid, 70-100 x 60-80 mm, covered with short spines, 9-10 mm long, deflexed; seed in the form of ovulate cone scales, more or less flat, woody, triangular, with 2 thin  wings, indehiscent scale terminating in a sharp spine; reddish-brown. Abies Pindrow Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Abies pindrow a tall, evergreen tree with a conical crown, attaining a height up to 30m and a girth up to 7m, found in the temperate Himalayas from Kashmir to Nepal at altitudes of 2000-3000mt. The dark green foliage frequently extends to the whole length of the tree, concealing the entire bole. Upper branches horizontal, lower ones usually drooping with ends curving upwards. Bark smooth, brown to silvery on young trees and greyish brown and deeply fissured on old trees; leaves needle-like, persistent, young ones soft, flattened, up to 9cm long, spirally arranged, declinate, pectinately arrranged on barren shoots; male catkins sessile, clustered in axils; femalr cones solitary, terminal, ovoid, 10.0-16.0cm *4.0-7.5cm, violet-purple, changing to dark brown when mature; scales fan-shaped; seeds brown, shining; wings,longer than the seeds. Acacia Auriculiformis Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Common Name : Australian wattle, coast wattle, Darwin black wattle, earleaf acacia, earpod black wattle, earpod wattle, Japanese acacia, nothern black wattle, Papua wattle, tan wattle, wattle   Acacia auriculiformis, a straight, medium-sized tree, up to 15-30m in height, with slightly angular branchlets, is a native to Australia and was later introduced into the semi-arid regions of India Bihar, Orissa and West Bengal and other countries. The Bark is white, smooth and somewhat fissured, leaves are pinnate, rachis is modified into a phyllode, and the fragrant flowers range from white to rich yellow. The pods are coiled and open-up on maturity to reveal the black Acacia auriculiformis seeds, which hang on strings of yellow aril to attract birds. Acacia auriculiformis wood is used for making paper and furniture, and the plant also bears analgesic properties. Acacia Catechu Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Acacia catechu, also known as Cutch tree, is a deciduous, moderate-sized tree, growing up to a height of 15 m rarely with a light feathery crown. The tree is found across India in dry mixed forests, generally as a small tree, up to a height of 3 m. The bark is dark, grayish brown, exfoliating in long, narrow strips, and the leaves are pinnate, with a pair of inwardly-curved prickles at the base of the rachis. Acacia catechu flowers measure about 2.5 - 3mm in length, are pale-yellow or white in color, and are in 5-10cm long, cylindrical spikes. The brown colored pods are glabrous, oblong and flattened, measure about 50-125mm in length, and contain 4-7 seeds. Acacia catechu seeds are flat, dark brown and measure 5-8 mm in diameter. The seeds are edible and the extract of its heartwood is an important ingredient of the traditional Indian 'Paan'. The extract is also useful in the treatment of many medical conditions in the Ayurveda. Acacia Concinna Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Synonyms : Acacia concinna DC. (syn. Acacia sinuata (Lour.) Merrill, Acacia hooperiana , Mimosa concinna, Acacia hooperiana, Miq. var. glabriuscula Miq, Acacia hooperiana Miq. var. subcuneata Miq. , Acacia philippinarium Benth. Acacia poilanei Gagnep., Acacia polycephala DC., Acacia pseudointsia auct. non Miq. Acacia quisumbingii Merr, Acacia rugata (Lam.) Merr.,Guilandina microphylla DC., Mimosa concinna   Acacia concinna is a thorny medicinal plant, native to south Asia, widely known for the organic shampoo derived from its fruit, shikakai. The leaves are bipinnate and the thorns are soft and small. There are about 6-10 Acacia concinna seeds in a pod. The pods (shikakai), have medicinal properties and are used for hair cleansing and enhancement. Shikakai is traditionally preferred over commercially available shampoo, across the Indian Subcontinent. Shikakai is also used for manufacturing body and facial care creams, across the personal hygiene industry. Moreover, a particular extract from Acacia concinna leaves has shown to be effective in treatment of malarial fever. Acacia Decurrens Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Characteristics : Fuel, Tannin, Fodder Bark use as astringent, Used to treat diarrhea. Used to make jelly and candy, nitrogen fixer   Acacia decurrens, an erect evergreen tree, 8-12m in height, with bright green dense foliage, is native to Australia, and later introduced in India, grows well in Kodaikanal, Palni hills, and some parts of Uttar Pradesh. The Bark is olive-green and turns dark gray on old trees. Leaves are bipinnate, flowers are bright yellow, and fruits are narrow flat pods, each containing about 11 blackish seeds. The pollen rich flowers are used in fritters, and the gum produced from the trunk is edible and insoluble in water. Acacia decurrens seed requires to be scarified and soaked in warm water for about 12 hrs. Optimum germination occurs at about 25°C in sandy and loamy soil. Acacia decurrens initially prefers a sunny location, with protection from strong winds. Acacia Ferruginea Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Collection Locale : Gujarat and parts of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats.   Acacia ferruginea, a medium sized drought resistant tree, is native to India and Sri Lanka and grows to a maximum 12 m tall and up to 1.0m in girth. It is Vulnerable A1c ver 2.3 in IUCN red list category. In India the tree is commonly found in Gujarat and parts of Andhra Pradesh and is moderately common in the Deccan, Maharashtra, Karnataka and the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats. The twigs are wiry and glabrous, being reddish or green in colour, while the primary roots are long and thin. The bi pinnate leaves are 5.0 - 7.5cm long, infra-stipular and the flowers are yellowish with d-ense spikes. The glabrous pods filled with a sweetish pulp, measure 7-18 x 2-2.5 cm and are dark brown in color. Acacia ferruginea seeds measure 0.5-0.7 x 0.35-0.5 cm, and are oblong and flat ovate, being greenish or brownish in color. In the Indian subcontinent, flowers appear between the months of March and May, and pods ripen between November and February. Acacia ferruginea prefers heavy red soils and is also tolerant to shallow stony surfaces drought tolerant. Acacia Mearnsii Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Common Name : Black wattle, Acácia-negra (Portuguese), Australian acacia, Australische Akazie (German), Swartwattel (Afrikaans), Uwatela (Zulu), Blue passionflower Synonyms : Acacia mearnsii de Wild. syn. Acacia mollissima sensu auct. mult., non Willd.: Acacia decurrens (Wendl.) Willd. var, mollis Lindl. Albizia mearnsii De Wild. Racosperma mearnsii (De Wild.)   Acacia mearnsii, an evergreen tree, grows up to 6-25mt. in height and produces dark green foliage. The tree is native to Tasmania, Australia, and was introduced into India in the mid 19th century near Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu. Acacia mearnsii is now cultivated on plantation scale in the Nilgiries, the plains, and Kerala in South India and in Shillong (Assam) and Kohima (Nagaland). Acacia mearnsii leaves are bipinnate, and flowers with pale-yellow heads are distributed in simple or panicled, terminal or axillary racemes. The 3–12 cm long Pods are dark when pubescent, having 8 black Acacia mearnsii seeds, hanging from club-shaped arils. Acacia mearnsii seeds are primarily dispersed by birds and rodents. The tree is useful in many ways, the timber is used for making furniture, the charcoal is used as fuel and the pulp is used for making paper. The tree is very helpful in decreasing soil erosion and it is also used as an astringent. Acacia Nilotica Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Acacia nilotica, commonly known as Babul in the Indian subcontinent, is a medium sized tree, growing to about 7-13 m in height, with bark approximately 20-30 cm thick. The crown is more or less spherical, but can be flattened, as per the climatic conditions. The thorns are generally straight, while the leaves are bipinnate. Acacia nilotica flowers are golden yellow, scented and spherical in shape. Pods are slightly curved and strongly constricted to resemble beaded necklaces. On maturation, pods break transversely into different segments containing one Acacia nilotica seed per segment. The tree has numerous medicinal uses in the treatment of many medical conditions such as tuberculosis, gonorrhea, impotence, dysentery, diarrhea, toothache and hemorrhages. Acacia nilotica is very drought resistant, and can be grown on almost all types of soils. Acacia nilotica seeds require little scarification or boiling in water for successful germination, and the seeds must be sown separate from each other as they quickly develop the taproot. Acacia Planifrons Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Acacia planifrons, a small gregarious tree with flat, umbrella-like spreading branches, grows up to 7m in height and is found in some districts of Kerala and Tamil Nadu in India. Leaves are bipinnate and flower heads are yellow or white, with many stamens and funnel shaped corolla. Pods are narrow and slightly fleshy, while being rounded at base. About 6-9 Acacia planifrons are contained in a single pod. Seeds are soaked in boiling water for about 1 minute for successful germination. Sown in separate containers, 4 months old seedlings of about 50 cm height can be planted in open fields. Acacia planifrons is useful for wasteland reclamation and afforestation, and is also a good source of fodder and fuel. Acacia Suma Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Acacia suma or Acacia polyacantha is a large or middle sized tree, reaching a height of 20–25 m. Brown or black prickles are present in pairs below each node Leaves  are bi pinnate The glandular leaf petiole is up to 25 cm long, and bears 10-40 pinnae pairs, with 15-60 leaflets pairs on each. The white or cream flowers bear about 6-12 cm long pairs or triplets of spikes. The dark brown and flat pods measure 1-2 cm wide and 7-18 cm long, and contain about 5-10 seeds. Acacia polyacantha seeds are visible inside the pods through their translucent walls. The tree prefers well drained soils within pH range of neutral to alkaline. The tree is primarily grown for its durable wood, gum edible, and medicinal properties. Acacia some roots also has medicinal properties and is useful in the treatment of gonorrhea, gastrointestinal disorders, dysentery and venereal diseases. Acacia Tortilis Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Adenanthera Microsperma Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Common Name : Red wood, Peacock wood, Red bead tree (Chacko et al., 2002). Bead tree, Coral wood (Bose et al., 1998). Adina Cordifolia Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Aesculus Indica Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Ailanthus Excelsa Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Albizia Procera Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Synonyms : Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth., Acacia procera (Roxb.) Willd., Mimosa elata Roxb., Mimosa procera Roxb. Aleurites Fordii Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Canna Indica Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Canna indica is a perennial growing to between 0.5 m and 2.5 m, depending on the variety. It is hardy to zone 10 and is frost tender. The flowers are hermaphrodite Canna indica sps. can be used for the treatment of industrial waste waters through constructed wetlands. It is effective for the removal of high organic load, color and chlorinated organic compounds from paper mill waste water. Cassia Alata Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Synonyms : Cassia alata, Cassia bracteata, Cassia herpetica, Cassia rumphiana, Herpetica alata, Cassia alata, Cassia bracteata, Cassia herpetica Cassia Glauca Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cassia Javanica Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Common Name : Java Cassia, Pink Shower, Apple Blossom Tree and Rainbow Shower Tree, Java Nodding cassia, Pink cassia Helianthus Annuus Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Hibiscus Cannabinus Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Lagerstroemia Speciosa Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Nyctanthes Arbor-tristis Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Parkinsonia Aculeata Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Rosa Moschata Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Rosa Sericea Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Sesbania Cannabina Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Tecomella Argentea Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Allamanda Cathartica Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Antigonon Leptopus Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Artabotrys Hexapetalus Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Synonyms ; Cananga odorata, Artabotrys hexapetalus, Artabotrys uncinatus, Artabotrys uncatus, Annona hexapetala, Artabotrys uncinata, Uvaria esculenta Asparagus Racemosus Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Bauhinia Alba Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Bauhinia Vahlii Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Bombax Ceiba Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Common Name : Silkcotton Tree, Malabar Semul , Indian bombax , Kapok tree , Silk Cotton. , Red Cotton Tree , Red silk cotton tree Synonyms : Bombax ceiba Linn. syn. Bombax malabaricum DC.; Salmalia malabarica (DC.) Schoot & Endl.; Gossampius malabarica (DC.) Merrill, Salmalia malabarica Callistemon Viminalis Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Calophyllum Inophyllum Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Common Name : Alexandrian laurel, balltree,beach calophyllum,beach touriga, beautyleaf,Borneo-mahogany, Indian doomba oiltree, Indian-laurel, laurelwood, red poon,satin touriga, and tacamahac-tree. Bamboo Seeds Tree & Plant Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Palms & Cycads Seeds Tree & Plant Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Caryota Mitis Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Synonyms : Caryota furfuracea Blume ex Mart. Caryota griffithii Becc. Caryota griffithii var. selebica Becc. Caryota javanica Zipp. ex Miq. [Illegitimate] Caryota nana Linden Caryota propinqua Blume ex Mart. Caryota sobolifera Wall. ex Mart. Caryota sobolifera Wall. Caryota speciosa Linden Drymophloeus zippellii Hassk. Thuessinkia speciosa Korth. Caryota Urens Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Chrysalidocarpus Lutescens Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cycas Circinalis Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Livistona Chinensis Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Phoenix Acaulis Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Phoenix Canariensis Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Beverage Plant Seeds Tree & Plant Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Coffea Arabica Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Theobroma Cacao Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Aegle Marmelos Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Anacardium Occidentale Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Annona Squamosa Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Artocarpus Heterophyllus Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Artocarpus Lakoocha Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Castanea Sativa Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Citrus Aurantium Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Acacia Leucophloea Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Synonyms : Acacia leucophloea Willd., Acacia melanochaetes Zoll. Delaportea microphylla Gagnep. Delaportea ferox Gagnep. Mimosa leucophloea Roxb. Acer Oblongum Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Ammi Majus Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Argemone Mexicana Seeds Mon, 22 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Salt Tolerant Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Salt Tolerant Tree Seeds Salt Tolerant Seeds Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Balanites Roxburghii Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Balanites roxburghii is a spiny evergreen tree, growing up to 9 m in height, and is distributed in India across western Rajasthan, South-East Punjab, drier parts of penisnsular India, Sikkim and West Bengal. The bark is gray, about 6 mm thick, leaves bi-foliolate, with elliptic or obovate leaflets. The greenish white flowers are small and fragrant. The fruits are ovoid and bear an oily seed. Ficus Retusa Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Ficus retusa a large evergreen tree.  Leaves alternate, 2 - 4 x 1.3 - 2.5m, ovate elliptic or rhomboid, acute or short acuminate, entire, coriaceous, glabrous and shining, lateral nerves numerous, slender, base 3 - nerved, narrowed into a peliole which is .3 - .5 about 0.32 in diam., in axillary pairs, sessile, subglobose, yellowish when ripe. Kigelia Pinnata Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Kigelia pinnata A medium-sized spreading tree of rapid growth, with short  trunk and long distorted branches, sultivateed in many parts of India as an ornamental and roadside tree. The bark of the tree is greyish brown, rough; leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 7-9, elliptic-oblong or obovate, entire or serrate, 3-6 in. long; flowers deep chocolate-red, in long pendulous panicles; fruit gourd-like, up to     18 in. longx 5 in. diam., hanging by a rope-like penduncle up to 7 ft.  long; seeds many, embedded in fibrous pulp.   Synonyms : Bignonia africana Lam. (basionym), Tecoma africana (Lam.) G.Don, Crescentia pinnata Jacq., Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC. Madhuca Longifolia Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Magnolia Grandiflora Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Quercus Incana Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Quercus incana a moderate-sized to large evergreen tree, up to 25m high and 3.0m girth, found in Kashmir and the western Himalayan regions up to Nepal at altitudes of 1000-2400m and occasionally decending into moist situations of Kangra and Kulu.  Bark grey to greyish brown, silvery when young, peeling off in rounded flakes; leaves oblong or ovate-lanceolate, with white or grey tomentum bneath; male spikes densely hairy and clustered, female flowers usually sessile; acorns single or in pairs; net ovoid, brown with a grey pubescence near the apex. Robinia Pseudoacacia Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Robinia pseudoacacia a medium sized, thorny tree, reaching height up to 30m and a girth of 2.8m. Bark thick, rough, brown, longitudinally furrowed; leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 7-23, up to 5 cm. long, elliptic or oval; flowers white, very fragrant, in axillary, pendulous racemes; pods flat, brown, 12.5cm x 1.8cm; seeds up to 16 in a pod, c. 5 mm. long, reniform, dark brown.In Jammu and Kashmir, the tree was introduced foor ornamental purposes c. 50 years ago, and gradually it assumed importance for soil conservation and afforestation in the western Himalayas.  Robinia is easy to cultivate.  It yields fodder and timber, and is a source of nectar for bees.  The tree is useful for farm forestry. Sterculia Villosa Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Sterculia villosa a small to moderate-sized, spreading tree, up to 1.6m in girth in favourable localities, found in the deciduous forests throught the greater part of India, ascending up to an altitude of 1000m and in the Andamans; it is rare in arid regions.  Bark grey, somewhat warty, light red and fibrous inside; leaves crowede at the ends of branches, palmately-lobed, lobes 5-7, 30-45cm diam.; flowers pale yellow, in panicles; follicles 2.5, spreading, oblong, 3.5-7.5 cm. Long, scarlet, coriaceous; seeds oblong, black, shining.The tree prefers a light, sandy soil, and is a strong light-demander.  The seeds germinate at the beginning of the rains, soon after falling.  They are somewhat perishable and the rate of fertility is not high, but in suitable localities, natural regeneration is adequate.  Experimental trials with transplanting the seedlings and stumpplanting, respectively, gave 66 and 85 percent success.  The tree is occasionally cultivated in gardens. Salt Tolerant Shrub Seeds Salt Tolerant Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Salt Tolerant Vines Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Lantana Camara Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Lantana camara a hairy, unarmed or slightly prockly shrub, 0.3 - 1.8 m or more in height, native of tropical America and cultivated as  an ornamental or hedge plant, Leaves opposite, ovate or oblong-ovate, crenatedentate, rather thick, rugose, scabrous above, pubescent beneath; flowers small, usually yellow or orange changing to red or scarlet, in dense axillary heads; fruit drupaceous, 5 mm. diam., greenish black.  Magnolia Champaca Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Magnolia champaca a tall, evergreen tree, usually up to 30 m. in height and 3.5  m in girth, with a clean cylindrical bole up to 20 m long, found in eastern Himalayas, north-east India and western ghats.  It is cultivated throughout Indian in gardens and near temples for its fragrant flowers and handsome foliage. Bark gey or brownish; leaves ovate to lanceolate, coriaceous; flowers usually axillary, solitary, yellow or orange fragrant; fruit 5-10 cm. long; ripe carpels ovoid or ellipsoid, woody; seeds brown, angular, with pink fleshy aril. Salt Tolerant Palm Seeds Salt Tolerant Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Roystonea Regia Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Sabal Palmetto Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 The flowers are yellowish-white, 20 in (5 mm) across, produced in large compound panicles up to 8.2 ft (2.5 m) long, extending out beyond the leaves. The fruit is a black drupe about .5 in (1.3 cm) long containing a single seed. It is extremely salt-tolerant.   Sabal palmetto is a popular landscape plant known for its tolerance of salt spray and cold. Because of their relatively long establishment period and prevalence on ranchlands, few, if any are grown from seed in nurseries.   The cabbage-like terminal bud has been eaten as hearts of palm. The cabbage palm is remarkably resistant to fire, floods, coastal conditions, cold, high winds and drought. ST Ground Cover Seeds Salt Tolerant Seeds Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Essential Oil Bearing Plants Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Arachis Hypogea Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 The peanut leaves are opposite, pinnate with four leaflets (two opposite pairs; no terminal leaflet); each leaflet is 1 to 7 cm long and 1 to 3 cm across.   The flowers are a typical pea flower in shape, 2 to 4 cm across, yellow with reddish veining.    Peanuts, which are high in protein and vitamin B and E, as well as magnesium, manganese, and phosphorus, are eaten raw or boiled and roasted (and often salted) as a snack. Cymbopogon Flexuosus Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Vetiveria Zizanioides Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Vetiveria zizanioides a densely tufted grass, found throughout the plains and lower hills of India, particularly on the river banks and in rich marshy soil, ascending to an altitude of c. 1200 m. Clums arising from an aromatic rhizome, stout, up to and over 2m. tall, in dense tufts, with stout spongy aromatic roots; leaves narrow, erect, keeled, glaborous, margins scabrid; inflorescence a panicle (15-40cm long) of numerous slender racemes in whorls on a central axis; spiklets grey green or purplish, 4-6mm long, in pair more or less alike in shape and size, different in sex, 2-flowered, lower floret reduced to a lemma, upper bisexual in the sessile, male in the pedicelled spiklet, glumes armed with short, tubercle-based spines, lemmas awnless, palea minute. Condiments & Spices Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Anethum Sowa Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Anethum sowa an annual, glabrous, aromatic herb, up to 1.2m in height, cultivated throughout India chiefly in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharasshtra, Assam and West Bengal. It is sometimes met with as a weed of cultivation and even as an escape in irrigated fields. Leaves decompound, ultimate segments filiform, 8.3mm long; flowers pale yellow in compound umbels; fruits subelliptical, dorsally compressed 3.0-5.0mm x1.5-2.5mm, glabrous, with 3 longitudinal ridges, winged, with 2 mericarps, the mericarps remain joined together even under stored conditions, vittae with marginal walls appearing irregular, and having thickenings near the angles.   Synonyms : A. sowa Roxb. ex Flem. syn. A. graveolens Linn. var. sowa Roxb.; A.graveolens DC., Peucedanum sowa Roxb.; P. graveolens Benth Apium Graveolens Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Apium graveolens an erect, annual or biennial herb, native to Europe and now naturalised and occurring wild in the foot-hills of north-western Himalayas and the outlying hills of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Roots succulent, well-developed, numerous; stems branching, angular or fistular, conspicuously jointed, up to 2.4m in height; leaves oblong to obovate, 7-18cm long, pinnate or trifoliolate, radical leaves with large deeply lobed segments, cauline tripartite; segments once or twice trifid, coarsely toothed; leaflets ovate to sub-orbicular, 3-lobed, 2.0-4.5cm long; flowers white or greenish white very small, in short-peduncled or sessile compound umbels; fruit a schizocarp consisting of two mericarps, suborbicular to ellipoid greyish brown to brown with pale ridges, 1.2mm in diam, aromatic and slightly biter.   Synonyms : Apium graveolens Linn.,?Apium dulce Mill., Apium graveolens subsp. butronensis (D.Gómez & G.Monts.) Aizpuru, Apium graveolens var. butronensis D.Gómez & G.Monts., Apium graveolens var. maritimum Dumort.,Apium integrilobum Hayata,Apium lobatum Gilib., Apium lusitanicum Mill., Apium palustre Thore, Apium rapaceum Mill., Apium celleri Gaertn., Apium decumbens Eckl. & Zeyh., Apium graveolens f. lusita Coriandrum Sativum Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Coriandrum sativum an annual herb, 1-3 feet high, with small, white or pinkish purple showy flowers borne on compound terminal umbels.  The lower leaves are broad with crenately lobed margins, while the upper ones are narrow, finely cut with linear lobes. The fruits are globular and ribbed, yellow brown in colour and range in size from 2.0 - 3.3 mm. diam.  When pressed they separate into two halves (mericarps), each containing a seed. Coriander is a native of the Mediterranean region and is extensively grown in India, Russia, Central Europe, Asia Minor and Morocco. Flowering occurs in June-July. And seeds ripen from Aug.-Sep. the flowers are hermaphrodite and pollinated by seeds. The plant is self-fertile. It can grow in semi shade. It prefers dry and moist soil. It is native to Europe. It is used in anti dirrhoeal, appetizer, aromatherapy, aromatic, carminative, expectorant, stimulant, nacrotic. Elettaria Cardamomum Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Elettaria cardamomum a tall herbaceous perennial, with branching subterranean rootstock, from which arise a number of upright leafy shoots, 5-12ft. high, bearing alternate, elliptical or lanceolate sheathing leaves, 1-3 ft long. Flowers borne in panicles, 2-4 ft long, arising from the base of vegetative shoots; panicles upright at first and ultimateliy pendient or prostrate; flowers about 1.5 inches long, white or pale green in colour with a central lip streaked with violet, borne in a close series on the rachis; they are bisexual, but self-sterile, and open in succession from the base towards the tip. Furits trilocular capsules, fusiform to ovoid, pale green to yellow in colour, containing 15-20 hard, browinish black, angled and rugose seeds, covered by a thin mucilaginous membrane. The herb is also helpful in treating gum and teeth infections, throat congestion and kidney disorders. It is sensitive to drought and water-logging. Myristica Fragrans Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Nigella Sativa Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Nigella sativa a small herb, 12-18 in. high, native of Levant, said to be cultivated or occasionally found as a weed of cultivation in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Assam. Leaves 2-3 pinnatisect, 2.5 - 5.0 cm long, cut into linear - lanceolate segments; flowers pale blue, 20 - 2.5cm across, without an involucre, on solitary long peduncles; seeds trigonous, black, rugulose tubercular. Piper Nigrum For Germination Thu, 13 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Description: A climber that grows to a height or length of 10 m or more Once the main stem is established it grows many side shoots to create a bushy column Almond-shaped, tapering towards the tip, dark green and shiny above, paler green below, arranged alternately on the stems. Borne in clusters along flowering stalks known as spikes 50–150 whitish to yellow-green flowers are produced on a spike Round, berry-like, up to 6 mm in diameter, green at first but turning red as they ripen, each containing a single seed. 50–60 fruits are borne on each spike Fruits are picked when green and immature to produce green pepper; when fully grown but still green and shiny to produce black pepper; and when slightly riper to produce white pepper (for which the fruits are also soaked to remove the fleshy outer layer) Uses: The fruits of Piper nigrum are used to make black pepper This hotly pungent spice is one of the earliest known and most widely used spices in the world today It is used as flavouring, particularly for savoury foods, meat dishes, sauces and snack foods It is also used as a table condiment. Black pepper, white pepper and green peppercorns are all produced from Piper nigrum fruits, but are harvested at different times and are processed differently Black pepper is also used to produce pepper oil and oleoresin, which are frequently used in the production of convenience foods and sometimes also for perfumery Of lesser importance is the use of preserved immature green pepper or fresh pepper fruits, which are eaten more like a vegetable In Ayurvedic medicine, black pepper has been used to aid digestion, improve appetite, treat coughs, colds, breathing and heart problems, colic, diabetes, anaemia and piles Stomach ailments such as dyspepsia, flatulence, constipation and diarrhoea are all treated with black pepper, which may be mixed with other substances such as castor oil, cow's urine or ghee Trachyspermum Ammi Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Trachyspermum ammi an erect, glabrous or minutely pubescent, branced annual, up to 0.4-0.6mt. tall, cultivated almost throughout India. Stands straight; leaves rather distant, 2 - 3 - pinnately divided, segments linear, ultimate segments 1.0 - 2.5cm long; flowers in terminal or seemingly - lateral pedunculate, compound umbles, white, small; fruits ovoid, muricate, aromatic cremocarps, 2-3mm long, greyish brown; mericarps compressed, with distinct ridges and tubercular surface, 1 - seeded. Trachyspermum Roxburghianum Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Trigonella Foenum-graecum Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Trigonella foenum-graecum An aromatic annual, 0.4-0.6mt. tall found wild in Kashmir, Punjab and the upper Gangetic plains, and widely cultivated in many parts of India. Two fairly distinct types of palnts are recognized; the dwarf type, grown for culinary puroses; and the tall-growing type, known as Meta in Punjab, grown for fodder. Leaves pinnate, 3 foliolate; leaflets 2.0 - 2.5cm long, oblanceolate-oblong, obscurely dentate; flowers white or yellowish white, 1 or 2, axillary; pods 3 -15 cm long, 10 - 20 seeded; seeds greenish brown, 2.5 x 2.0 - 3.5 mm. oblong with a deep greeove across one corner giving the seeds a hooked appearance. Canavalia Gladiata Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Canavalia gladiata a large, annual climber, widely cultivated nearly throughout the East, attain a height of 6feet. It has not been found so far in a wild state in India, but it is supposed to have originated, probably from C. virosa Wight & Arn., a wild climber extending from W. Africa to Philippines (Piper & Dunn, Kew Bull., 1922, 134). It exhibits some variations under cultivation, particularly in the length of pods and number of seeds (Haines, III, 278). It is grown mostly near houses and hedges of fields and left to trail on walls and trees.   It is generally twining in habit, but semi-erect varieties are known.  It grows vigorously and bears large white or pinkish flowers and large sword shaped pods, 8-12 in. long and 1.0 - 1.5in broad. The pods are more curved and have more strongly developed ridges than those of C. ensiformis.  The seeds are rose or pink in colour, but occasionally greyish or white. They are strongly compressed and have a hilum nearly as long as the seed. The fruits are eaten as a vegetable in Africa and Asia. It is also grown as ornamental plant. Propagation is done from seeds. Celtis Australis Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Celtis (Hackberry) is a genus of about 60-70 species of deciduous trees widespread in warm temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, in southern Europe, southern and eastern Asia, and southern and central North America, south to central Africa, and no   Celtis (Hackberry) is a genus of about 60-70 species of deciduous trees widespread in warm temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, in southern Europe, southern and eastern Asia, and southern and central North America, south to central Africa, and northern and central South America. The genus is present in the fossil recordat least since the Miocene of Europe.   Celtis species are generally medium-sized trees, reaching 10–25 m (33–82 ft) tall, rarely up to 40 m (130 ft) tall. The leaves are alternate, simple, 3–15 cm (1.2–5.9 in) long, ovate-acuminate, and evenly serrated margins.   Small monoecious flowers appear in early spring while the leaves are still developing. Male flowers are longer and fuzzy. Female flowers are greenish and more rounded.   The fruit is a small drupe 6–10 mm (0.24–0.39 in) in diameter, edible in many species, with a dryish but sweet, sugary consistency, reminiscent of a date. Cenchrus Setigerus Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cenchrus setigerus a perennial tufted grass is common in the arid regions of north - west India, Madras and Rajasthan. The plant stem is erect, attain a height of 60cm. leaf blades are linear, 15-30cm long. Its spikelets are 3-4.5 mm long. It is native to Africa and Asia. It flowers in shortening days.The plant is used in control of soil-erosion. It is very drought and frost tolerant. This species is yielded as high as 11,400 lb. of green fodder per acre in one cutting under rain - fed conditions. It prefers light textured sandy soil, it can tolerate salty soil.   Common Name : Birdwood grass, cow sandbur, (English);  anjan, mode dhaman grass , motha dhaman, kata -dhaman, kala-dhaman (India). Synonyms : Cenchrus setigerus Vahl, Cenchrus barbatus Schumach., Cenchrus setigerus (Vahl) Maire & Weiler, Cenchrus montanus Nees ex Steud. Dichanthium Annulatum Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Dichanthium annulatum a perennial, densely tufted grass, with erect clums up to 3ft. high; inflorescence of subdigitately arranged recemes, usually 3 but often more. Perennial tussock, sometimes stoloniferous, with culms geniculately ascending, foliage to 80 cm and fertile tillers to about 1 m (rarely 1.8 m);  pronounced annulus of radiating, 3-5 mm long white hairs on the nodes;  leaf blade linear, to about 30 cm long and 2-7 mm wide, margins sparsely pubescent and scaberulous.  Inflorescence a sub-digitate panicle, comprising 2-9 (-15) pale green or purplish racemes, each 3-7 cm long;  geniculate, twisted awn 8-25 mm long arising from the upper lemma of the sessile spikelet.  Caryopsis oblong to obovate, dorsally compressed, ca. 2 mm long (1.9 million/kg), although seed weight (sessile + pedicellate spikelet ) about 500,000/kg.  Surface rooted, >90% of roots in top 1 m soil. The grass is common throughout the plains and hills of India up to 5,000 ft. It is often found in hedges, road sides, lawns and pasture grounds, andd thrives in sheltered situations on well-drained soils.   Common Name : Bluestem, diaz bluestem, hindi grass, sheda grass, ringed dichanthium, (English);  marvel grass, karad, jargu grass, delhi grass (India);  Synonyms : Dichanthium annulatum Stapf syn. Andropogon annulatus frosk,?Andropogon annulatus Forssk.,Andropogon papillosus Hochst. ex A. Rich.,Dichanthium nodosum Willemet , Dichanthium papillosum (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf Lolium Perenne Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Lolium perenne is a perennial grass with tufted stems, up to 90cm high, found in western Tibet at c. 4500m.   Leaves flat, hairless, pointed or blunt, up to 30cm long and 1.25cm broad; spikes straight with spikelets stalkless; grain glabrous tightly enclosed in the hardened lemma and palea.This grass has been introduced into Simla, Sikkim, Shillong, Nilgiri and Palni hills.  It is considered worthy of trial in the lower foothills, valleys and highlands of S. India and also in such places as Kangra valley in Punjab, where grassing is deficient. It responds well to cultivation and manuring, and can be grown in mixture with clover and other grass species.  It withstands cuttings and grazing, and yields an excellent fodder for horses, cattle and sheep. Panicum Maximum Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Panicum (panicgrass) is a large genus of about 450 species of grasses native throughout the tropical regions of the world, with a few species extending into the northern temperate zone. They are often large, annual or perennial grasses, growing to 1–3 m tall.   A tufted perennial, often with a shortly creeping rhizome, variable 60-200 cm high, leaf-blades up to 35 mm wide tapering to fine point; panicle 12- 40 cm long, open spikelets 3-3.5 mm long, obtuse, mostly purple red, glumes unequal, the lower one being one-third to one-fourth as long as the spikelet, lower floret usually male. Upper floret (seed) distinctly transversely wrinkled. Stylosanthes Hamata Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Stylosanthes hamata Short spreading and busy in appearance. Green colour of leaves, growing to a height of maximum 1 ft., profusely branching. Trifolium Alexandrinum Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Trifolium alexandrinum a sparingly appressed, pubescent annual, commonly cultivated in the semi-desert countries like Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Iran, and introduced into India as a fodder crop, Stems 30-60cm long, branching, glabrous or glabrate; leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets oblong or broadly elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, 1.5-5.0cm long, rather shallowly denticulate; floral heads villous to bristly-cilinate, rather short-peduncled to almost sessile, ovoid, becoming cuneate-oblong, 14 to 20mm. long 15mm thick; flowers yellowish; pods oblong-ovoid, included, 1-seeded.Seed-rate: The seed at the rate of 20-25kg is sufficient to sow one hectare. It is recommended to use 1-2kg more when the crop is sown early in September. The berseem is sown either broadcast or drilled. The seed may be soaked in water for 10-12 hrs before sowing. Trifolium Pratense Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Trifolium Repens Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Hedge Plants Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Acacia Farnesiana Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Acacia farnesiana is a thorny bush or small tree reaching at height of 9mt. height, native to tropical America, and cosmopolitan in the tropics. The flowers are hermaphrodite have both male and female organs. It can fix Nitrogen. Flowers processing done through distillation by which a perfume called Cassie. It has become naturalized in almost all parts of India. Leaves bi pinnate with stipular spines; flowers bright yellow, fragrant, in axillary heads; pods 5.0-7.5cm long, dull brown. The best soil for its cultivation is light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, but it prefers mainly well-drained soil. It can tolerate drought.   Common Name : The Cassie Flower, Mimosa bush, cassie, cassie flower, Farnese wattle, thorny acacia, yellow mimosa, briar bush, dead finish, downs mimosa, false mesquite, mimosa wattle, needle bush, perfumed wattle, prickly mimosa bush, sponge flower Duranta Erecta Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Duranta erecta is an evergreen, variable shrub or small tree, up to 1-3mt. in height, with drooping branches usually armed with spines.  The branches are 4 - angled, with oval or ovate-elliptic leaves, smooth textured, bright green or variegated in colour, and 1.5 to 8 cm long. Flowers appear nearly throughout the year and are borne in profusion in panicles or loose racemes, light blue, blue-violet, lavender, purple in colour. The berries are glossy, orange-coloured and globose. The bark is light gray, becoming rough and fissured when old. The yellow or yellow-orange fleshy fruits are ellipsoidal with five lobes and grow in hanging clusters. This plant requires acidic soil for better growth. This plant can be propagated by dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets), From leaf cuttings, From woody stem cuttings, From softwood cuttings, From semi-hardwood cuttings, From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse, seed can also direct sow after last frost. Manilkara Hexandra Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Manilkara hexandra A small to medium-sized evergreen tree with a spreading crown and straight massive bole, found in central India and the Deccan Peninsula; it is cultivated throughout the greater part of India for ornament and also for the sweet edible fruit.  Bark dark grey, deeply furrowed; leaves elliptic-obvate or oblong, coriaceous; flowers solitary or in fascicles, white or pale yellow; berry ovoid or ellipsoid, c. 1.5 - 2.0 cm. long, reddish yellow; seed 1, rarely 2, ovoid, 1.0 - 1.5 cm. long, reddish brown, shining. Cover Crops & Green Manuring Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cajanus Cajan Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cajanus cajan an annual or perennial shrub, 1-5mt. high, cultivated nearly throughout India as a pulse crop. Leaves are trifoliate and alternately arranged. Leaflets are obvate and lanceolate.stipules linear 2-3mm long.stipilates filiform and 1-2m long. Flowers are mainly yellow but can also be striated with purple streaksor plain red. It is native to Asia and Africa. In Asia it is mainly found in Afganistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Shrilanka and in Africa it is mainly grown in Ethopia, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, is very drought tolerant, and dual purpose crop for grain and fodder. Also tolerate low fertility of soil. It is often grown for green manure or for cover in palntations.  Its deep and penetrating root system makes it especially valuable as a renovating and contour hedge crop for checking soil erosion.  In America and Hawaii, Cajanus is cultivated for fodder. The plant is probably a native of Africa, and it is now grown in almost all the tropical countries of the world, including Africa, America, India, Australia, Hawaii, East and West Indies.  In India, it is mainly grown in U.P., M.P., Bihar, Bombay and Madras.   Synonyms : Cajanus cajan (Linn) Millsp. Syn., Cajanus indicus spreng., Cajanus bicolour DC., Cajanus indicus Spreng., Cajanus flavus DC., Cytisus cajan L. [basionym], Cajanus cajan (L.) Druce. Cassia Auriculata Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cassia auriculata a shrub with large bright yellow flowers, growing wild in Central Provinces and western peninsula, and cultivated in other parts of India. The plant attains a height of 7mt. Its flowers are bright yellow in colour and zygomorphic. Bark is thin, brown, lenticellete. Leaves alternate, peripinnately compound, stipules large and leafy. The seed, flower and bark contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids. In India, the flowering season are mainly two, first is in early monsoon and second is late monsoon. It is valuable as a tanning material, as a plant for reclothing barren tracts, and as a green manure crop. The plant can be cultivated in many parts of India. It prefers a light porous soil. It is immune from browsing by cattle and goats, and as the plant is not exacting in its requirements, plantations are easy and cheap to raise. The cheapest method of cultivation is by sowing in furrows 2 -5in. apart and 4 - 6in. deep. It is native of India, Myanmar, Shri-Lanka and also grown successfully in African countries. Cassia Occidentalis Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cassia occidentalis is a diffuse undershrub found throughout India, attain a height of 2mt. leaves are entire, oblong, paripinnate, alternate, distichous. Flowering occurs throughout the year. Pod of the plant is short, flat, compressed, brown at maturity, seeds are many in number, brown in colour. The leaves, roots and seeds are purgative. The seeds and leaves are also antiperiodic. The seeds are used as external application for skin diseases. The seeds are roasted and used as a substitute for coffee in French Africa and in the north sector of Argentina. The medicinal properties, however, are lost by roasting.   The seeds contain: tannic acid, mucilage (36%), fatty oil (2.56), emodin, and a toxalbumin. Chrysarobin (methyl-dihydroxy anthranol, m.p., 203-4º) has been isolated from the benzene extract of the seeds (Chem. Abstr., 1944, 38, 3033).  The fatty oil contains; saturated fatty acids, 19.7; linoleic acid, 31.4; oleic acid, 30.7; linolenic acid, 6.3; volatile constituents, 0.7; unsapon. Matter, 7.4% (Wehmer, suppl., 42). Dolichos Biflorus Seeds Tue, 23 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Dolichos biflorus a branched sub-erect or trailing annaul, with small trifoliate leaves, bearing, when mature, narrow, flat, curved pods, 1½ - 2 inches long, tipped with a persistent style. The pods contain 5-6 flattened, ellipsoid seeds, 1/8 - 1/4 in long. The plant is native of India and is distributed throughout the tropical regions of the Old World. It occurs all over India up to an altitude of 5000 feet. It is an important pulse crop particularly in Madras, Mysore, Bombay and Hyderabad. Cocos Nucifera Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cocos nucifera a tall and stately palm growing to a height of 50-60ft. or maore when fully mature, bearing a crown of large, pinnate leaves.  The trunk is stout (1-1½ft. diam.), straight or gently curved, rising from a swoolen base surrounded by mass or roots; rarely branched, it is marked by ringlike leaf scars which are not prominent.  The leaves are 6-18 ft. long, pinnatisect; leaflets, 2-3ft. long, narrow and tapering.  In the axil of each leaf is a spathe enclosing a apadix, 4-6ft. long, stout, straw or orange coloured, and simply branched.    The palm is monoecious.  The female flowers are relatively few, 1 in. long and globose, borne at the base of the panicle.  The male flowers are numerous, small and sweet-scented, borne towars the top of the panicle.  The fruit is ovoid, three-angled, 6-12 in. long, containing a single seed.  Corchorus Olitorius Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Corchorus olitorius a herbaceous annual, growing taller than C. capsularis under cultivation. It bears larger flowers that C. capsularis with deeper yellow tint and yields cylindrical pods containing greyish green or bluish black seeds. Annual, much-branched herb 90-120 cm tall; stems glabrous. Leaves 6-10 cm long, 3.5-5 cm broad, elliptic-lanceolate. Flowers pale yellow; bracts lanceolate; peduncle shorter than the petiole; pedicles 1-3, very short. Sepals 3 mm long, oblong, apiculate. Petals 5 mm long, oblong spathulate. Style short; stigma microscopically papillose. Capsules 3-6.5 cm long, linear, cylindric erect, beaked, glabrous, 10-ribbed, 5-valved; valves with transverse partitions between the seeds. Seeds trigonous, black. Cordia Dichotoma Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cordia dichotoma is a small or medium-sized tree with a short, usually crooked trunk 3 - 4ft. in girth and attain a height of 5-10mt. The fruit is 0.5-1.0in. Long, yellowish brown, pink or nearly black when ripe, with a viscid, sweetish, almost transparent pulp surrounding a central stony part. This species is widely distributed in India and Ceylon, especially in the warmer regions.The fruit, popularly called Sebestan, is edible, sweetish and mucilaginous.  It is astringent, anthelmintic, diuretic, demulcent and expectorant.   It is used in diseases of the chest and urinary passage. Koman reports that it is of no value in the treatment of bronchitis. The kernels are used in external application for ringworm and the fruit pulp is used as birdlime.  A decoction of the bark is used in dyspepsia and fevers.  The leaves are used for covering Burmese cheroots.  A glue is prepared from the mucilaginous pulp.The wood is clear yellow when freshly cut, changing rapidly on exposure to olive or bluish grey and finally to brown or greyish brown.   Common Name : Fragrant manjack, snotty gobbles, glue berry, pink pearl, bird lime tree, Indian cherry, Clammy cherry, Synonyms : Cordia dichotoma Forst. f. syn. Cordia oblique Willd.; Cordia myxa Roxb. Non Linn., Cordia mixa C. B. Clarke, Cordia sebastena Blanco , Cordia blancoi Vidal, Cordia leschenaultii DC, Cordia blancoi Vidal var, mollis Merr., Varronia sinensis Loureiro Cordia Sebestena Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cordia sebestena it is commonly grown in Indian gardens.  It is a small tree or a shrub, attains a height of 25-30ft. Leaves are alternate, simple, ovate, pinnate, leaf blade is 4-8inch. In length, flowers are orange in colour, bearing clusters of showy, orange-red, bell-shaped flowers, practically throughout the year. The fruit oval in shape, 1-3inches, and fruit covering is dry and hard. Fruit colour is white, grey or green. It is highly drought and aerosol salt tolerant. Also resistant to pest. Propagation is done by seeds and layering. The wood of C. fragrantissima Kurz, a native of Burma, is attractively mottled, moderately hard, and fragrant. Cryptomeria Japonica Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cryptomeria japonica is a large ornamental evergreen tree, native to Japan and later introduced into India. In its native habitat the tree attains a height of about 30-40ft. and a girth of 20-25ft. Leaves are spiral, simple, entire, evergreen. Flowers are showy, monoecious with male and female flower. Fruits are round, brown and hard. It is moderately drought tolerant. Cryptomeria japonica is widely cultivated in Japan for timber and for afforestation purposes. In India, the tree grows in the western Himalayas, Assam, Darjeeling hills and Nilgiris. The tree is intolerant to dry weather and poor soils, so it grows well in finely drained and deep forest soils.   Cryptomeria japonica seeds are obtained from its cones which are produced by the tree in its fifth year. The initially green cones become brown when mature, and open their scales to shed the seeds. Cryptomeria japonica seed germination requires moist compost, which is free of any competing weed. Cupressus Lusitanica Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cupressus Sempervirens Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Cupressus sempervirens, a native to the Mediterranean Region, is an evergreen tree attaining a height of 40-60ft. with 2-5 mm scale-like leaves which are arranged in whorl. The leaves are simple, entire, evergreen, less than 2inches. Flower is not showy. Fruit is oval in shape. Twig is brown or grey coloured. The tree prefers climatic conditions suitable for several hundred years of life. Cupressus sempervirens seed cones are oblong or oval in shape and, and 25–40 mm in length. Cupressus sempervirens seeds remain fertile for a long period of time and are ideal for cultivation in areas with hot-dry winters and mild-wet winters. It is highly drought tolerant, moderately aerosol salt tolerant. It is also soil salt tolerant. The aromatic timber of Cupressus sempervirens is very durable and very famous for being used in doors of St Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City. It is also known as Drama Tree as it bends in slightest air breezes. Propagation can be done by layering and cutting.   Synonyms : Cupressus sempervirens Pyramidalis, Cupressus sempervirens Stricta, Cupressus sempervirens var. sempervirens Dalbergia Latifolia Seeds Wed, 24 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Dalbergia latifolia, commonly known as East Indian rosewood, is a large deciduous or nearly evergreen tree with cylindrical, fairly straight bole and fully rounded crown. The tree grows to a height of 20-40 m, and to a girth of 1.5-2 m, at breast height. Dalbergia latifolia is found in sub-Himalayan tracts of eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, along with many areas of central, western and southern India. The pinnate leaves are alternately arranged, and contain about 5-7 dark green and blunt-tipped leaflets of unequal sizes. Dalbergia latifolia flowers white colored, and are arranged in 0.5-1 cm long corymbose panicles, across leaf axils. The brown colored, oblong-lancelike pods are indehiscent, and contain about 1-4 seeds. Dalbergia latifolia seeds are reniform, smooth and brown colored. The tree is widely cultivated for its durable and highly priced heavy wood, as it is closed grained strong, durable, ornamental, often utilized to make premium furniture and decorative items. Dalbergia latifolia wood is in high demand across the globe, and export of lumber produced from wildly growing trees is abolished under the Indian constitution. It is also used to make agricultural implements. The species name Latifolia means broad-leaved. This plant is drought resistant.   Common Name : Blackwood, Bombay blackwood, rosewood, Roseta rosewood, East Indian rosewood, black rosewood, Indian palisandre, and Java palisandre